#### 50 Responses to After a blow-out U.S. April, a record-busting May

1. Rayrick says:

I’m still waiting with bated breath for you to elaborate on your concerns with the UAH satellite data, Joe. I’ve been watching with amazement as their data tracks far above any of the other years in their record, and if there’s some reason I ought to be ignoring that data, I’m very curious to learn it.

2. Joe,

Down here where I live in Brazil (up on a large plateau where it gets cold and miserable in the winter), the entire month of May (our autumn), which is normally cool and damp, has been sunny and summer hot. My pomegranate tree is putting out its 3rd crop this year. The birds are trying to build nests. I’ve been told that June is expected to be the same.

We just aren’t having autumn this year.

3. Richard Brenne says:

This is good stuff to keep communicating, Joe, thanks.

It’s helpful to also point out that the top graph appears to be also addressing the 48 states as Gerald Meehl’s study below it does, and it’s important to remember that the 48 states comprises about 2.5 per cent of the entire Earth’s surface area.

So global average temperatures are the most helpful single temperature statistic, but anything with enough area like the U.S. and enough time like the half-century Gerald Meehl uses is also helpful in seeing long-term trends.

I’d like to see not only the number of temperature records broken, but the amount they are broken by. You refer to this with record New England temperatures last week.

My guess is that the average heat temperature is broken by something approaching 2 degrees, while the average cold temperatures is broken by something closer to a single degree.

To simplify the point system I’m proposing, if a heat record is broken by 2 degrees it’s given a 2, if by 5 degrees a 5, etc.

Same things for cold records. Then on this point system (2 points for breaking a record by 2 degrees, 1 point for breaking a record by 1 degree), I’ll bet heat records would be out-pointing cold records by somewhere between 3 and 4 to 1.

Anyone care to pursue this?

4. Michael Tucker says:

It is beginning to look like lawsuits are the new tactic of the science deniers. I see that The Competitive Enterprise Institute is going to sue NASA. What a waste of time! Meanwhile denier journalists are sticking to the same tired arguments. Despite all the evidence to the contrary, these folks insist we have nothing to worry about.

I think that once the agricultural industry begins to complain we might begin to see a more enthusiastic response to global warming. Apparently it will take time for them to come around. They obviously have not been inconvenienced enough by the extreme weather events we have seen so far. When the farmers and ranchers begin to ask for the government to tax carbon and limit CO2 emissions, more congress people will begin to respond.

5. prokaryote says:

On a sidenote, just watched the movie “The Road”, a post-apocalyptic plot – http://www.imdb.com/title/tt0898367/ the movie brings up another implication which will result from climate change famine.

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cannibalism

6. Paul K2 says:

Rayrick: You are mis-reading the AMSU graphs that show the daily satellite readings at this site. First, the data from that particular satellite isn’t used to calculate UAH since it has some orbital decay issues. Secondly, the daily graphs don’t include readings for the first half of 1998, far and away the hottest year until 2010 in the UAH record. If you select ch5 and the 20-yr record option, then redraw the graph, then the the 20-yr record tracing shows the temperature from the first half of 1998.

Based on that graph, May 2010 will be marginally hotter than 1998; however since the UAH uses a different satellite and since the margin over 98 is very small, we won’t know for sure if May 2010 registers at the hottest May in the UAH record. This is even more complicated, since Spencer and Christy are implementing a new calculation algorithm, that should push May’s reported number up a bit. I think May 2010 was the hottest May in the UAH data set, but just barely.

June will be the month to watch closely… if June of 2010 is quite close to June of 1998, then the reported 13 month moving average for UAH has a good chance of being broken with the release of the July report. Then the UAH record will show 2009/2010 as the hottest “year” in the global temperature record. At that point, we should get headlines claiming 2009/2010 as the hottest year in the last 150 years… That is the time to shout “hottest year” from the rooftops, since both the GISTEMP and UAH temperature records will show the hottest year. So cool your jets, and wait.

7. Chris Winter says:

Out in western Colorado, the Mesa County School Board has a BEE in its bonnet. A group called Balanced Education for Everyone wants the Board to mandate the teaching of “the other side” of the global warming debate. This movement is led by Rose Pugliese, attorney and Tea Party member, who in the past failed to win a seat on the Board.

No one here on CP will be surprised to learn that the funding for this misguided effort comes, by a roundabout route, from ExxonMobil and Koch Industries.

Meanwhile in Texas, it appears teachers are largely ignoring the guidelines passed by the TBOE back in March 2009 that are intended to cast doubt on the scientific consensus for climate change.

http://solveclimate.com/blog/20100601/skeptics-failing-get-anti-climate-science-agenda-texas-classrooms

8. Doug Bostrom says:

Eli Rabett says: June 1, 2010 at 9:30 pm

Predictably.

9. mike roddy says:

Joe-

May and June are the hottest months in India, and the heat is only broken when the monsoon arrives. Since India except for the extreme north is in the tropics, the seasons are different from those in temperate zones, and summer/winter don’t exist in the same way.

When I was in Delhi, 45C was really hellish due to the humidity, and was close to the all time record temperature. It was far hotter in my experience than, say 50C (122F) in Palm Springs. I don’t know the records in Gujurat and Maharashta, but 50C in India is unheard of, and may have broken local records by a major amount.

Maybe this will communicate a greater sense of urgency about what we will be facing to the people of India.

10. Ben Lieberman says:

A former colleague who is Indian and now lives in India has been blogging about the heat in Delhi.

11. Aaron Lewis says:

Yes, we are breaking records in the US!

Nice graphic from NWS at http://www.crh.noaa.gov/dvn/?n=climategraphics

12. john kearns says:

May: 1054 record high temperatures in a month AND 748 record lows.

Feb: about 25 highs and 220 lows (from graph).

I am aware that the west has been cold and the east hot during April and May. Why was Feb so abnormally average and May so bi – polar?

13. paulm says:

Boil, boil toil and trouble!

A single extreme weather event pushes out the envelope of climate and therefore is an indication of climate change.

Vice-versa, as the envelope of climate expands, extreme events can be driven by the new boundary.

14. climateprogressive says:

#13 John Kearns, “Why was Feb so abnormally average and May so bi – polar?”

Regarding the bipolar bit of the question: a blocked upper air pattern with variables controlled by juxtaposition of persistent upper ridges/troughs at a guess.

The UK and North Atlantic areas have seen the same – upper ridge up into the Arctic and trough to its east extending down into N Europe. Warmer air was advected NE towards the Arctic on the ridge’s west flank whilst here in the UK the air we had through a lot of April and into May was of Arctic origin coming down the ridge’s east flank – hence Spring was a bit slow to get going here, with cool/dry conditions. This gave rise to the usual (UK) suspects crowing about cooling trends, of course! In winter, they begin doing this immediately a puddle freezes over on their garden path – as predictably as the Dawn Chorus starting up as it gets light in the morning!

15. paulm says:

One for the record…next door.

http://www.guardian.co.uk/world/2010/jun/01/pakistan-record-temperatures-heatwave

today entered the modern history books after government meteorologists recorded a temperature of 53.7C (129F). Only Al ‘Aziziyah, in Libya (57.8C in 1922), Death valley in California (56.7 in 1913) and Tirat Zvi in Israel (53.9 in 1942) are thought to have been hotter.

16. paulm says:

“…The ratio of record highs to lows is likely to increase dramatically in coming decades if emissions of greenhouse gases continue to climb.”

There is also an aspect of this which isnt as dramatic but just as important…its the duration of high and low temps. and not just for extreme temps but for normal seasonal temps.

For example my local night lows are constantly above the period/seasonal average and for longer periods than before. This indicates the amount of energy the atmosphere is charged with. Of course for extreme temps the longer they run, the more wild the weather.

BTW this statement “…is likely to increase dramatically in coming decades if emissions of greenhouse gases continue to climb.” is a huge understatement…

They are likely to(are) increase(ing) dramatically now, even if emissions where to stop today!

17. Liquifire says:

Tick tock tick tock

Temperatures reach record high in Pakistan

Meteorologists record a temperature of 53.7C (129F) in Mohenjo-daro as heatwave continues across Pakistan and India

Mohenjo-daro, a ruined city in what is now Pakistan that contains the last traces of a 4,000-year-old civilisation that flourished on the banks of the river Indus, today entered the modern history books after government meteorologists recorded a temperature of 53.7C (129F). Only Al ‘Aziziyah, in Libya (57.8C in 1922), Death valley in California (56.7 in 1913) and Tirat Zvi in Palestine (53.9 in 1942) are thought to have been hotter.

Guardian, guardian.co.uk, Tuesday 1 June 2010 17.53 BST

19. mike roddy says:

As bad as the deaths are from heat waves like this one, in the future there will be more fatalities from famine related to heat at this level. Few areas with this kind of heat can support crops or irrigation due to the evaporation rate. Even if they did due to local conditions, people would not be able to work sufficient hours at that temperature to maintain and harvest those crops.

20. TAFL says:

The European heat wave of 2003 was deadly, and the record temps there were generally below 41 degrees celsius (106 Fahrneheit). The Wikipedia page http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/2003_European_heat_wave has an excellent summary. I would expect the casualty numbers in India to be much, much worse.

21. prokaryote says:

Mohenjo-daro (lit. Mound of the Dead, Sindhi: موئن جو دڙو/मूअनि जो दड़ो [muˑənⁱ ʥoˑ d̪əɽoˑ]) was one of the largest city-settlements of the Indus Valley Civilization of south Asia situated in the province of Sindh, Pakistan. Built around 2600 BCE, the city was one of the early urban settlements in the world, existing at the same time as the civilizations of ancient Egypt, Mesopotamia, and Crete. The archaeological ruins of the city are designated a UNESCO World Heritage Site. It is sometimes referred to as “An Ancient Indus Valley Metropolis”[1]. A meteorological station at Mohenjo-daro recorded 53.5C on 26 May 2010, being the highest temperature ever recorded in Pakistan and the world highest temperature ever recorded in the month of May.

Mohenjo-daro in ancient times was most likely one of the administrative centers of the ancient Indus Valley Civilization. [6] It was the most developed and advanced city in South Asia, and perhaps the world, during its peak. The planning and engineering showed the importance of the city to the people of the Indus valley.
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mohenjo-daro

22. prokaryote says:

Temperatures reach record high in Pakistan

Meteorologists record a temperature of 53.7C (129F) in Mohenjo-daro as heatwave continues across Pakistan and India

Temperatures in the nearest town, Larkana, have been only slightly lower in the last week, with 53C recorded last Wednesday. As the temperatures peaked, four people died, including a prisoner serving a life sentence for murder and an elderly woman. Dozens are said to have fainted.

The extreme heat was exacerbated by chronic power cuts which have prevented people from using air-conditioning. The electricity has cut out for eight hours each day as part of a severe load-shedding regime that has caused riots in other parts of Pakistan where cities are experiencing a severe heatwave with temperatures of between 43C and 47C.

“It’s very tough,” said M B Kalhoro, a local correspondent for Dawn.com, an online newspaper. “When the power is out, people just stay indoors all the time.”

The blistering heat now engulfing Pakistan stretches to India where more than 1,000 people have reportedly died of heatstroke or heart attacks in the last two months.

Southern Europe was yesterday rapidly warming after a particularly cool winter. Thirteen provinces in southern Spain, including Andalucia, Murcia and the Canary islands, were put on “yellow alert” after meteorologists forecast temperatures rising to 38C (99F) in Cadiz, Córdoba, Jaén, Malaga and Seville.

According to the US National Oceanic and Atmospheric Association (NOAA), the national climate monitoring service that measures global temperatures by satellite, 2010 is shaping up to be one of the hottest years on record. The first four months were the hottest ever measured, with record spring temperatures in northern Africa, south Asia and Canada.

On Sunday, scientists reported that Africa’s Lake Tanganyika, the second deepest freshwater lake in the world, is now at its warmest in 1,500 years, threatening the fishing industry on which several million lives depend. The lake’s surface waters, at 26C (78.8F), have reached temperatures that are “unprecedented since AD500,” they reported in the journal Nature Geoscience
http://www.guardian.co.uk/world/2010/jun/01/pakistan-record-temperatures-heatwave

23. prokaryote says:

Cyclone Phet threatening the Indian and Pakistani coastlines
http://sify.com/news/cyclone-phet-threatening-the-indian-and-pakistani-coastlines-news-international-kgcmufhajdb.html

24. fj2 says:

It seems that summer temperatures will provide plenty of heat to the fire to get moving on dealing with the climate crisis.

25. fj2 says:

http://www3.interscience.wiley.com/journal/122401764/grouphome/home.html

“Volume 1196 Issue Climate Change Adaptation in New York City: Building a Risk Management Response: New York City Panel on Climate Change 2010 Report (May 2010)

26. Whatshisname says:

The rainy season ended early for the third straight year in Central Texas. April was very dry. So was May, our wettest month. May also ended as the 12th warmest on record in Austin, which is no small feat. The mean temperature was 3.5 degrees above normal. That usually portends a very hot summer. And sure enough temperatures are forecast to start pushing the century mark this week. That’s a little early but it might not be a trend.

27. prokaryote says:

Heatwave forces cattle exodus from Rajasthan

Bakho Khan, a local resident, said, “My income primarily depends on cattle breeding and in such hot weather, it gets increasingly difficult to provide water to approximately 500 cattle. We are left with no option, but to migrate.”
http://timesofindia.indiatimes.com/India/Heatwave-forces-cattle-exodus-from-Rajasthan/articleshow/5996608.cms

28. prokaryote says:

Water shortage threatens Pakistan wheat crop

29. Rabid Doomsayer says:

Pakistan too, and brownouts so the airconditioning not so effective.

30. prokaryote says:

“Technological Change is Key” Lecture: Ajay Mathur
Energy Efficiency in India: Challenges and Initiatives

However, there continue to be energy efficiency opportunities that remain unexploited because challenges such as higher first costs, coupled with inadequate information on energy performance of appliances and equipment; financial, technical and transactions risks associated with the adoption of new energy efficient technologies; and split incentives, especially in the buildings sector. The unlocking of this potential is essential to meet national goals of access to energy for all, reduced vulnerability to shocks in energy imports; and better urban air quality. Additionally, as a co-benefit, these actions also further mitigate greenhouse gas emissions.

31. Lewis Cleverdon says:

Besides hitting crop yields and thereby advancing the onset of mega-famines due primarily to intensifying droughts, the extreme heat-waves are also contributing to the deforestation feedback.

This latter effect is not only by the heat dessicating forest in preparation for wildfire, but also by killing both saplings and young trees that lack sufficient wood to store water and sufficient roots to reach it, as well as mature trees that are already stressed from multiple pollution impacts.

Given that present impacts are from the time-lagged warming of around 330ppmv of CO2 in 1975, and that we’ve doubled the excess airborne CO2 since then, I’m wondering when campaigners are going to acknowledge:

a/. ‘stabilization’ at anything above 280ppmv is precluded as a serious option by the interactive feedbacks’ ongoing acceleration –
b/. that ending GHG emissions will not significantly reduce airborne CO2e ppmv but is essential in order to stop adding to it –
c/. that a gigahectare of native afforestation optimized for carbon recovery will recover sufficient CO2 to restore 280 ppmv, but could not do so until long after the feedbacks have become entirely self fuelling (runaway) –
d/. that we thus have no viable option but to control global temperature, by means of the most sustainable albido enhancement available, for the period of ending GHG outputs and operating afforestation for carbon recovery plus the 35 year timelag –
e/. that our campaigning should therefore be broadened to include the integration of the requisite governance of geoengineering by carbon recovery and albido enhancement within an equitable and efficient climate treaty.

Notably, a major longterm hindrance to the treaty’s negotiation could be resolved by this approach. The US recognizes, but denies all liability for, its historical emissions – which is in direct contradiction of developing countries’ position. Were the US to undertake to fund its share of global afforestation & associated processing capacity, it could address the historical emissions liability in an affordable manner, and thereby break the negotiations’ logjam.

So, I’m wondering what the CAP’s response would be to this necessary and constructive approach.

Regards,

Lewis

32. Leif says:

Bit of a bite before my morning coffee Lewis.

I would like to point out about the heat is that animals suffer and die in heat as well. These are the future food and earnings of already destitute people.

33. Wit's End says:

More heat translates into higher levels of toxic tropospheric ozone, and that = more cancer, emphysema, asthma, respiratory problems, heart attacks…and crop failure.

Michael #4, last season we had terrible harvests but the farmers get help (so far) from the federal government, which operates a patchwork of agencies to declare disaster areas making it extremely difficult to see the broader picture. Market Skeptics did the research: http://www.marketskeptics.com/2009/11/worst-harvest-season-ever-seen.html

34. prokaryote says:

Asia records its hottest temperature in history; Cyclone Phet threatens Oman – Tropical Cyclone Phet the 2nd strongest Arabian Sea storm on record
http://www.wunderground.com/blog/JeffMasters/comment.html?entrynum=1498

[JR: I beat you to the punch on this one!]

35. Brewster says:

Welcome to Hell.

36. Michael Tucker says:

Wit’s End #34,

I apologize but I do not see a listing of the “patchwork of agencies” in that ‘report’. So you are saying that, since farmers and ranchers can easily get the government to declare a disaster area, they are happy to keep putting seed in the ground year after year? They can’t be making a profit on disaster relief. That makes no sense. I have seen anecdotal reports from ranchers and farmers, like the ones in your link, before as well. When a critical mass of them are fed up and finally begin to attribute their local disasters to global warming, they will begin to bring their concerns to their elected officials. Right now they just want the bad weather to go away and the government to cover their losses.

37. mark says:

It seems here, (central Canada) due to an abnormally warm and early spring, some wild flowers were out early; now, nothing is available for certain insects and birds to eat, since they arrived at their normal dates, and those expected flowers, are gone to seed.

The above temperatures are truly frightening;

I am alarmed at what now seems to be the very rapid onset of the effects of climate change.

That the “worst case” scenario, is the one that is happening.

38. mike roddy says:

Lewis-

I’m interested in your afforestation ideas and data. Please email me the details.

39. prokaryote says:

Cyclone Phet to hit Karachi on Friday

Karachi (help·info) (Urdu: کراچی, Sindhi: ڪراچي कराची) is the largest city, main seaport and the financial capital of Pakistan, and the capital of the province of Sindh. With a city population of 15.5 million, Karachi is one of the world’s largest cities
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Karachi

40. prokaryote says:

“The cyclone has halted the monsoon’s progress in south India,” farm secretary PK Basu told reporters, referring to cyclone Phet over the Arabian sea.

“But there is no cause for concern as of now.”

Last month, another cyclone, Laila, over the Bay of Bengal had slowed the monsoon’s onset over the southern tip of India for a week.
http://www.hindustantimes.com/Monsoon-seen-hitting-Karnataka-this-week/Article1-552282.aspx

41. Wit's End says:

“So you are saying that, since farmers and ranchers can easily get the government to declare a disaster area, they are happy to keep putting seed in the ground year after year?”
-Michael #37

No, I didn’t mean to imply farmers are “happy” by any means. Just that they aren’t screaming as loudly as they would be if the government wasn’t giving them money when their crops fail. Farmers that raise food and livestock are among the first to feel the brunt of climate change – just look at their suicide rates in India, Australia, South America and Africa.

The main point is that the serious crop failures last year are masked by the methods used to dispense emergency relief.

Crops are failing all over the world, for reasons from weather to disease, the impacts of both being exacerbated by tropospheric ozone: http://witsendnj.blogspot.com/2010/06/let-famine-begin.html

42. pete best says:

Its a good post this one and demonstrates that it’s a global issue and a global solution is required and the USA should make great efforts to reduce their emissions significantly along with everyone else but as the USA and Europe have the technological and economic ability we should be going first.

43. Wit's End says:

Nasa satellite reveals record snow level across US due to warmth this spring:

What I want to know is, has anyone factored this into warming rates the way calculations have been made about the albedo effect from melting ice? Snow reflects sunlight to and it seems to me that as cover shrinks compared to the past it could be perhaps (?) a significant contributor.

44. Leif says:

Here on the Olympic Peninsula we how have 250% of our normal snow pack. Recall just a few months ago we were flying snow to the Olympics, within eye shot of my house. We currently are 50% above normal rain fall for the year. We have an “Atmospheric River” a thousand miles long bringing conditions similar to November patterns not June.

Global Climatic Disruption.

45. dhogaza says:

We have an “Atmospheric River” a thousand miles long bringing conditions similar to November patterns not June.

I don’t remember every having a pineapple express this time of year. I always associate them with winter, and if they come after the snowpack has built up, record-breaking floods like those in 1996 and the Christmas flood of 1964.

46. Peter Mizla says:

New England’s spring months (March, April, May) 2010 where the warmest on record. With April in Connecticut being the warmest April -ever; 16 degrees (f) above average- and the earliest high temperature recorded in the year early May) 99 degrees.

It looks like 2010 will surpass 1998/2005 as the warmest of years. It may be that the incredible amount of Co2 entering the atmosphere is no longer being absorbed by the sea- which is becoming overloaded.

The next decade should prove interesting- lets hope that catastrophes can be limited.

47. John from California says:

Interesting SOS if it’s cold it’s weather if it’s hot it’s global warming.You people crack me up.

48. Lewis Cleverdon says:

Leif – somebody should be telling you that ablutions, and coffee, and toast need to happen before switching on! Its a care-&-maintainance thing . . . .
But anyway, sorry about that. One of the few things in which Britain definitely leads the US is that the sun rises over here 5 hrs before doing so over there – hence my early post.

You’re right about the livestock – even here they’re getting hit. We were still having night frosts three weeks ago yet today was so hot that patches of tar on the lane started melting. Meanwhile the drought continues – the grass is so scarce that some hill farms that have never fed concentrates are having to do so.
Enough wingeing.

As I see it, the great problem re livestock globally is that in many cultures it is considered as ‘wealth on the hoof’ – Bruce Chatwin (The Songlines) wrote of the origin of the term ‘currency’ as being from this source- from ‘courir': ‘to run’. The loss of peoples’ herds is thus fundamental – it is the loss of the way of life itself, as they’ve nothing with which to start again.

In this context neither aid nor compensation seems anywhere near as relevant as the solidarity of people in wealthy nations in resolving their plight and its climatic origins.

Regards,

Lewis

49. Leif says:

Well said Lewis and I look forward to your posts.

In addition I live in the NW which puts me 8 hours behind you.

#### 50 Responses to After a blow-out U.S. April, a record-busting May

1. Rayrick says:

I’m still waiting with bated breath for you to elaborate on your concerns with the UAH satellite data, Joe. I’ve been watching with amazement as their data tracks far above any of the other years in their record, and if there’s some reason I ought to be ignoring that data, I’m very curious to learn it.

2. Joe,

Down here where I live in Brazil (up on a large plateau where it gets cold and miserable in the winter), the entire month of May (our autumn), which is normally cool and damp, has been sunny and summer hot. My pomegranate tree is putting out its 3rd crop this year. The birds are trying to build nests. I’ve been told that June is expected to be the same.

We just aren’t having autumn this year.

3. Richard Brenne says:

This is good stuff to keep communicating, Joe, thanks.

It’s helpful to also point out that the top graph appears to be also addressing the 48 states as Gerald Meehl’s study below it does, and it’s important to remember that the 48 states comprises about 2.5 per cent of the entire Earth’s surface area.

So global average temperatures are the most helpful single temperature statistic, but anything with enough area like the U.S. and enough time like the half-century Gerald Meehl uses is also helpful in seeing long-term trends.

I’d like to see not only the number of temperature records broken, but the amount they are broken by. You refer to this with record New England temperatures last week.

My guess is that the average heat temperature is broken by something approaching 2 degrees, while the average cold temperatures is broken by something closer to a single degree.

To simplify the point system I’m proposing, if a heat record is broken by 2 degrees it’s given a 2, if by 5 degrees a 5, etc.

Same things for cold records. Then on this point system (2 points for breaking a record by 2 degrees, 1 point for breaking a record by 1 degree), I’ll bet heat records would be out-pointing cold records by somewhere between 3 and 4 to 1.

Anyone care to pursue this?

4. Michael Tucker says:

It is beginning to look like lawsuits are the new tactic of the science deniers. I see that The Competitive Enterprise Institute is going to sue NASA. What a waste of time! Meanwhile denier journalists are sticking to the same tired arguments. Despite all the evidence to the contrary, these folks insist we have nothing to worry about.

I think that once the agricultural industry begins to complain we might begin to see a more enthusiastic response to global warming. Apparently it will take time for them to come around. They obviously have not been inconvenienced enough by the extreme weather events we have seen so far. When the farmers and ranchers begin to ask for the government to tax carbon and limit CO2 emissions, more congress people will begin to respond.

5. prokaryote says:

On a sidenote, just watched the movie “The Road”, a post-apocalyptic plot – http://www.imdb.com/title/tt0898367/ the movie brings up another implication which will result from climate change famine.

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cannibalism

6. Paul K2 says:

Rayrick: You are mis-reading the AMSU graphs that show the daily satellite readings at this site. First, the data from that particular satellite isn’t used to calculate UAH since it has some orbital decay issues. Secondly, the daily graphs don’t include readings for the first half of 1998, far and away the hottest year until 2010 in the UAH record. If you select ch5 and the 20-yr record option, then redraw the graph, then the the 20-yr record tracing shows the temperature from the first half of 1998.

Based on that graph, May 2010 will be marginally hotter than 1998; however since the UAH uses a different satellite and since the margin over 98 is very small, we won’t know for sure if May 2010 registers at the hottest May in the UAH record. This is even more complicated, since Spencer and Christy are implementing a new calculation algorithm, that should push May’s reported number up a bit. I think May 2010 was the hottest May in the UAH data set, but just barely.

June will be the month to watch closely… if June of 2010 is quite close to June of 1998, then the reported 13 month moving average for UAH has a good chance of being broken with the release of the July report. Then the UAH record will show 2009/2010 as the hottest “year” in the global temperature record. At that point, we should get headlines claiming 2009/2010 as the hottest year in the last 150 years… That is the time to shout “hottest year” from the rooftops, since both the GISTEMP and UAH temperature records will show the hottest year. So cool your jets, and wait.

7. Chris Winter says:

Out in western Colorado, the Mesa County School Board has a BEE in its bonnet. A group called Balanced Education for Everyone wants the Board to mandate the teaching of “the other side” of the global warming debate. This movement is led by Rose Pugliese, attorney and Tea Party member, who in the past failed to win a seat on the Board.

No one here on CP will be surprised to learn that the funding for this misguided effort comes, by a roundabout route, from ExxonMobil and Koch Industries.

Meanwhile in Texas, it appears teachers are largely ignoring the guidelines passed by the TBOE back in March 2009 that are intended to cast doubt on the scientific consensus for climate change.

http://solveclimate.com/blog/20100601/skeptics-failing-get-anti-climate-science-agenda-texas-classrooms

8. Doug Bostrom says:

Eli Rabett says: June 1, 2010 at 9:30 pm

Predictably.

9. mike roddy says:

Joe-

May and June are the hottest months in India, and the heat is only broken when the monsoon arrives. Since India except for the extreme north is in the tropics, the seasons are different from those in temperate zones, and summer/winter don’t exist in the same way.

When I was in Delhi, 45C was really hellish due to the humidity, and was close to the all time record temperature. It was far hotter in my experience than, say 50C (122F) in Palm Springs. I don’t know the records in Gujurat and Maharashta, but 50C in India is unheard of, and may have broken local records by a major amount.

Maybe this will communicate a greater sense of urgency about what we will be facing to the people of India.

10. Ben Lieberman says:

A former colleague who is Indian and now lives in India has been blogging about the heat in Delhi.

11. Aaron Lewis says:

Yes, we are breaking records in the US!

Nice graphic from NWS at http://www.crh.noaa.gov/dvn/?n=climategraphics

12. john kearns says:

May: 1054 record high temperatures in a month AND 748 record lows.

Feb: about 25 highs and 220 lows (from graph).

I am aware that the west has been cold and the east hot during April and May. Why was Feb so abnormally average and May so bi – polar?

13. paulm says:

Boil, boil toil and trouble!

A single extreme weather event pushes out the envelope of climate and therefore is an indication of climate change.

Vice-versa, as the envelope of climate expands, extreme events can be driven by the new boundary.

14. climateprogressive says:

#13 John Kearns, “Why was Feb so abnormally average and May so bi – polar?”

Regarding the bipolar bit of the question: a blocked upper air pattern with variables controlled by juxtaposition of persistent upper ridges/troughs at a guess.

The UK and North Atlantic areas have seen the same – upper ridge up into the Arctic and trough to its east extending down into N Europe. Warmer air was advected NE towards the Arctic on the ridge’s west flank whilst here in the UK the air we had through a lot of April and into May was of Arctic origin coming down the ridge’s east flank – hence Spring was a bit slow to get going here, with cool/dry conditions. This gave rise to the usual (UK) suspects crowing about cooling trends, of course! In winter, they begin doing this immediately a puddle freezes over on their garden path – as predictably as the Dawn Chorus starting up as it gets light in the morning!

15. paulm says:

One for the record…next door.

http://www.guardian.co.uk/world/2010/jun/01/pakistan-record-temperatures-heatwave

today entered the modern history books after government meteorologists recorded a temperature of 53.7C (129F). Only Al ‘Aziziyah, in Libya (57.8C in 1922), Death valley in California (56.7 in 1913) and Tirat Zvi in Israel (53.9 in 1942) are thought to have been hotter.

16. paulm says:

“…The ratio of record highs to lows is likely to increase dramatically in coming decades if emissions of greenhouse gases continue to climb.”

There is also an aspect of this which isnt as dramatic but just as important…its the duration of high and low temps. and not just for extreme temps but for normal seasonal temps.

For example my local night lows are constantly above the period/seasonal average and for longer periods than before. This indicates the amount of energy the atmosphere is charged with. Of course for extreme temps the longer they run, the more wild the weather.

BTW this statement “…is likely to increase dramatically in coming decades if emissions of greenhouse gases continue to climb.” is a huge understatement…

They are likely to(are) increase(ing) dramatically now, even if emissions where to stop today!

17. Liquifire says:

Tick tock tick tock

Temperatures reach record high in Pakistan

Meteorologists record a temperature of 53.7C (129F) in Mohenjo-daro as heatwave continues across Pakistan and India

Mohenjo-daro, a ruined city in what is now Pakistan that contains the last traces of a 4,000-year-old civilisation that flourished on the banks of the river Indus, today entered the modern history books after government meteorologists recorded a temperature of 53.7C (129F). Only Al ‘Aziziyah, in Libya (57.8C in 1922), Death valley in California (56.7 in 1913) and Tirat Zvi in Palestine (53.9 in 1942) are thought to have been hotter.

Guardian, guardian.co.uk, Tuesday 1 June 2010 17.53 BST

19. mike roddy says:

As bad as the deaths are from heat waves like this one, in the future there will be more fatalities from famine related to heat at this level. Few areas with this kind of heat can support crops or irrigation due to the evaporation rate. Even if they did due to local conditions, people would not be able to work sufficient hours at that temperature to maintain and harvest those crops.

20. TAFL says:

The European heat wave of 2003 was deadly, and the record temps there were generally below 41 degrees celsius (106 Fahrneheit). The Wikipedia page http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/2003_European_heat_wave has an excellent summary. I would expect the casualty numbers in India to be much, much worse.

21. prokaryote says:

Mohenjo-daro (lit. Mound of the Dead, Sindhi: موئن جو دڙو/मूअनि जो दड़ो [muˑənⁱ ʥoˑ d̪əɽoˑ]) was one of the largest city-settlements of the Indus Valley Civilization of south Asia situated in the province of Sindh, Pakistan. Built around 2600 BCE, the city was one of the early urban settlements in the world, existing at the same time as the civilizations of ancient Egypt, Mesopotamia, and Crete. The archaeological ruins of the city are designated a UNESCO World Heritage Site. It is sometimes referred to as “An Ancient Indus Valley Metropolis”[1]. A meteorological station at Mohenjo-daro recorded 53.5C on 26 May 2010, being the highest temperature ever recorded in Pakistan and the world highest temperature ever recorded in the month of May.

Mohenjo-daro in ancient times was most likely one of the administrative centers of the ancient Indus Valley Civilization. [6] It was the most developed and advanced city in South Asia, and perhaps the world, during its peak. The planning and engineering showed the importance of the city to the people of the Indus valley.
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mohenjo-daro

22. prokaryote says:

Temperatures reach record high in Pakistan

Meteorologists record a temperature of 53.7C (129F) in Mohenjo-daro as heatwave continues across Pakistan and India

Temperatures in the nearest town, Larkana, have been only slightly lower in the last week, with 53C recorded last Wednesday. As the temperatures peaked, four people died, including a prisoner serving a life sentence for murder and an elderly woman. Dozens are said to have fainted.

The extreme heat was exacerbated by chronic power cuts which have prevented people from using air-conditioning. The electricity has cut out for eight hours each day as part of a severe load-shedding regime that has caused riots in other parts of Pakistan where cities are experiencing a severe heatwave with temperatures of between 43C and 47C.

“It’s very tough,” said M B Kalhoro, a local correspondent for Dawn.com, an online newspaper. “When the power is out, people just stay indoors all the time.”

The blistering heat now engulfing Pakistan stretches to India where more than 1,000 people have reportedly died of heatstroke or heart attacks in the last two months.

Southern Europe was yesterday rapidly warming after a particularly cool winter. Thirteen provinces in southern Spain, including Andalucia, Murcia and the Canary islands, were put on “yellow alert” after meteorologists forecast temperatures rising to 38C (99F) in Cadiz, Córdoba, Jaén, Malaga and Seville.

According to the US National Oceanic and Atmospheric Association (NOAA), the national climate monitoring service that measures global temperatures by satellite, 2010 is shaping up to be one of the hottest years on record. The first four months were the hottest ever measured, with record spring temperatures in northern Africa, south Asia and Canada.

On Sunday, scientists reported that Africa’s Lake Tanganyika, the second deepest freshwater lake in the world, is now at its warmest in 1,500 years, threatening the fishing industry on which several million lives depend. The lake’s surface waters, at 26C (78.8F), have reached temperatures that are “unprecedented since AD500,” they reported in the journal Nature Geoscience
http://www.guardian.co.uk/world/2010/jun/01/pakistan-record-temperatures-heatwave

23. prokaryote says:

Cyclone Phet threatening the Indian and Pakistani coastlines
http://sify.com/news/cyclone-phet-threatening-the-indian-and-pakistani-coastlines-news-international-kgcmufhajdb.html

24. fj2 says:

It seems that summer temperatures will provide plenty of heat to the fire to get moving on dealing with the climate crisis.

25. fj2 says:

http://www3.interscience.wiley.com/journal/122401764/grouphome/home.html

“Volume 1196 Issue Climate Change Adaptation in New York City: Building a Risk Management Response: New York City Panel on Climate Change 2010 Report (May 2010)

26. Whatshisname says:

The rainy season ended early for the third straight year in Central Texas. April was very dry. So was May, our wettest month. May also ended as the 12th warmest on record in Austin, which is no small feat. The mean temperature was 3.5 degrees above normal. That usually portends a very hot summer. And sure enough temperatures are forecast to start pushing the century mark this week. That’s a little early but it might not be a trend.

27. prokaryote says:

Heatwave forces cattle exodus from Rajasthan

Bakho Khan, a local resident, said, “My income primarily depends on cattle breeding and in such hot weather, it gets increasingly difficult to provide water to approximately 500 cattle. We are left with no option, but to migrate.”
http://timesofindia.indiatimes.com/India/Heatwave-forces-cattle-exodus-from-Rajasthan/articleshow/5996608.cms

28. prokaryote says:

Water shortage threatens Pakistan wheat crop

29. Rabid Doomsayer says:

Pakistan too, and brownouts so the airconditioning not so effective.

30. prokaryote says:

“Technological Change is Key” Lecture: Ajay Mathur
Energy Efficiency in India: Challenges and Initiatives

However, there continue to be energy efficiency opportunities that remain unexploited because challenges such as higher first costs, coupled with inadequate information on energy performance of appliances and equipment; financial, technical and transactions risks associated with the adoption of new energy efficient technologies; and split incentives, especially in the buildings sector. The unlocking of this potential is essential to meet national goals of access to energy for all, reduced vulnerability to shocks in energy imports; and better urban air quality. Additionally, as a co-benefit, these actions also further mitigate greenhouse gas emissions.

31. Lewis Cleverdon says:

Besides hitting crop yields and thereby advancing the onset of mega-famines due primarily to intensifying droughts, the extreme heat-waves are also contributing to the deforestation feedback.

This latter effect is not only by the heat dessicating forest in preparation for wildfire, but also by killing both saplings and young trees that lack sufficient wood to store water and sufficient roots to reach it, as well as mature trees that are already stressed from multiple pollution impacts.

Given that present impacts are from the time-lagged warming of around 330ppmv of CO2 in 1975, and that we’ve doubled the excess airborne CO2 since then, I’m wondering when campaigners are going to acknowledge:

a/. ‘stabilization’ at anything above 280ppmv is precluded as a serious option by the interactive feedbacks’ ongoing acceleration –
b/. that ending GHG emissions will not significantly reduce airborne CO2e ppmv but is essential in order to stop adding to it –
c/. that a gigahectare of native afforestation optimized for carbon recovery will recover sufficient CO2 to restore 280 ppmv, but could not do so until long after the feedbacks have become entirely self fuelling (runaway) –
d/. that we thus have no viable option but to control global temperature, by means of the most sustainable albido enhancement available, for the period of ending GHG outputs and operating afforestation for carbon recovery plus the 35 year timelag –
e/. that our campaigning should therefore be broadened to include the integration of the requisite governance of geoengineering by carbon recovery and albido enhancement within an equitable and efficient climate treaty.

Notably, a major longterm hindrance to the treaty’s negotiation could be resolved by this approach. The US recognizes, but denies all liability for, its historical emissions – which is in direct contradiction of developing countries’ position. Were the US to undertake to fund its share of global afforestation & associated processing capacity, it could address the historical emissions liability in an affordable manner, and thereby break the negotiations’ logjam.

So, I’m wondering what the CAP’s response would be to this necessary and constructive approach.

Regards,

Lewis

32. Leif says:

Bit of a bite before my morning coffee Lewis.

I would like to point out about the heat is that animals suffer and die in heat as well. These are the future food and earnings of already destitute people.

33. Wit's End says:

More heat translates into higher levels of toxic tropospheric ozone, and that = more cancer, emphysema, asthma, respiratory problems, heart attacks…and crop failure.

Michael #4, last season we had terrible harvests but the farmers get help (so far) from the federal government, which operates a patchwork of agencies to declare disaster areas making it extremely difficult to see the broader picture. Market Skeptics did the research: http://www.marketskeptics.com/2009/11/worst-harvest-season-ever-seen.html

34. prokaryote says:

Asia records its hottest temperature in history; Cyclone Phet threatens Oman – Tropical Cyclone Phet the 2nd strongest Arabian Sea storm on record
http://www.wunderground.com/blog/JeffMasters/comment.html?entrynum=1498

[JR: I beat you to the punch on this one!]

35. Brewster says:

Welcome to Hell.

36. Michael Tucker says:

Wit’s End #34,

I apologize but I do not see a listing of the “patchwork of agencies” in that ‘report’. So you are saying that, since farmers and ranchers can easily get the government to declare a disaster area, they are happy to keep putting seed in the ground year after year? They can’t be making a profit on disaster relief. That makes no sense. I have seen anecdotal reports from ranchers and farmers, like the ones in your link, before as well. When a critical mass of them are fed up and finally begin to attribute their local disasters to global warming, they will begin to bring their concerns to their elected officials. Right now they just want the bad weather to go away and the government to cover their losses.

37. mark says:

It seems here, (central Canada) due to an abnormally warm and early spring, some wild flowers were out early; now, nothing is available for certain insects and birds to eat, since they arrived at their normal dates, and those expected flowers, are gone to seed.

The above temperatures are truly frightening;

I am alarmed at what now seems to be the very rapid onset of the effects of climate change.

That the “worst case” scenario, is the one that is happening.

38. mike roddy says:

Lewis-

I’m interested in your afforestation ideas and data. Please email me the details.

39. prokaryote says:

Cyclone Phet to hit Karachi on Friday

Karachi (help·info) (Urdu: کراچی, Sindhi: ڪراچي कराची) is the largest city, main seaport and the financial capital of Pakistan, and the capital of the province of Sindh. With a city population of 15.5 million, Karachi is one of the world’s largest cities
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Karachi

40. prokaryote says:

“The cyclone has halted the monsoon’s progress in south India,” farm secretary PK Basu told reporters, referring to cyclone Phet over the Arabian sea.

“But there is no cause for concern as of now.”

Last month, another cyclone, Laila, over the Bay of Bengal had slowed the monsoon’s onset over the southern tip of India for a week.
http://www.hindustantimes.com/Monsoon-seen-hitting-Karnataka-this-week/Article1-552282.aspx

41. Wit's End says:

“So you are saying that, since farmers and ranchers can easily get the government to declare a disaster area, they are happy to keep putting seed in the ground year after year?”
-Michael #37

No, I didn’t mean to imply farmers are “happy” by any means. Just that they aren’t screaming as loudly as they would be if the government wasn’t giving them money when their crops fail. Farmers that raise food and livestock are among the first to feel the brunt of climate change – just look at their suicide rates in India, Australia, South America and Africa.

The main point is that the serious crop failures last year are masked by the methods used to dispense emergency relief.

Crops are failing all over the world, for reasons from weather to disease, the impacts of both being exacerbated by tropospheric ozone: http://witsendnj.blogspot.com/2010/06/let-famine-begin.html

42. pete best says:

Its a good post this one and demonstrates that it’s a global issue and a global solution is required and the USA should make great efforts to reduce their emissions significantly along with everyone else but as the USA and Europe have the technological and economic ability we should be going first.

43. Wit's End says:

Nasa satellite reveals record snow level across US due to warmth this spring:

What I want to know is, has anyone factored this into warming rates the way calculations have been made about the albedo effect from melting ice? Snow reflects sunlight to and it seems to me that as cover shrinks compared to the past it could be perhaps (?) a significant contributor.

44. Leif says:

Here on the Olympic Peninsula we how have 250% of our normal snow pack. Recall just a few months ago we were flying snow to the Olympics, within eye shot of my house. We currently are 50% above normal rain fall for the year. We have an “Atmospheric River” a thousand miles long bringing conditions similar to November patterns not June.

Global Climatic Disruption.

45. dhogaza says:

We have an “Atmospheric River” a thousand miles long bringing conditions similar to November patterns not June.

I don’t remember every having a pineapple express this time of year. I always associate them with winter, and if they come after the snowpack has built up, record-breaking floods like those in 1996 and the Christmas flood of 1964.

46. Peter Mizla says:

New England’s spring months (March, April, May) 2010 where the warmest on record. With April in Connecticut being the warmest April -ever; 16 degrees (f) above average- and the earliest high temperature recorded in the year early May) 99 degrees.

It looks like 2010 will surpass 1998/2005 as the warmest of years. It may be that the incredible amount of Co2 entering the atmosphere is no longer being absorbed by the sea- which is becoming overloaded.

The next decade should prove interesting- lets hope that catastrophes can be limited.

47. John from California says:

Interesting SOS if it’s cold it’s weather if it’s hot it’s global warming.You people crack me up.

48. Lewis Cleverdon says:

Leif – somebody should be telling you that ablutions, and coffee, and toast need to happen before switching on! Its a care-&-maintainance thing . . . .
But anyway, sorry about that. One of the few things in which Britain definitely leads the US is that the sun rises over here 5 hrs before doing so over there – hence my early post.

You’re right about the livestock – even here they’re getting hit. We were still having night frosts three weeks ago yet today was so hot that patches of tar on the lane started melting. Meanwhile the drought continues – the grass is so scarce that some hill farms that have never fed concentrates are having to do so.
Enough wingeing.

As I see it, the great problem re livestock globally is that in many cultures it is considered as ‘wealth on the hoof’ – Bruce Chatwin (The Songlines) wrote of the origin of the term ‘currency’ as being from this source- from ‘courir': ‘to run’. The loss of peoples’ herds is thus fundamental – it is the loss of the way of life itself, as they’ve nothing with which to start again.

In this context neither aid nor compensation seems anywhere near as relevant as the solidarity of people in wealthy nations in resolving their plight and its climatic origins.

Regards,

Lewis

49. Leif says:

Well said Lewis and I look forward to your posts.

In addition I live in the NW which puts me 8 hours behind you.

#### 50 Responses to After a blow-out U.S. April, a record-busting May

1. Rayrick says:

I’m still waiting with bated breath for you to elaborate on your concerns with the UAH satellite data, Joe. I’ve been watching with amazement as their data tracks far above any of the other years in their record, and if there’s some reason I ought to be ignoring that data, I’m very curious to learn it.

2. Joe,

Down here where I live in Brazil (up on a large plateau where it gets cold and miserable in the winter), the entire month of May (our autumn), which is normally cool and damp, has been sunny and summer hot. My pomegranate tree is putting out its 3rd crop this year. The birds are trying to build nests. I’ve been told that June is expected to be the same.

We just aren’t having autumn this year.

3. Richard Brenne says:

This is good stuff to keep communicating, Joe, thanks.

It’s helpful to also point out that the top graph appears to be also addressing the 48 states as Gerald Meehl’s study below it does, and it’s important to remember that the 48 states comprises about 2.5 per cent of the entire Earth’s surface area.

So global average temperatures are the most helpful single temperature statistic, but anything with enough area like the U.S. and enough time like the half-century Gerald Meehl uses is also helpful in seeing long-term trends.

I’d like to see not only the number of temperature records broken, but the amount they are broken by. You refer to this with record New England temperatures last week.

My guess is that the average heat temperature is broken by something approaching 2 degrees, while the average cold temperatures is broken by something closer to a single degree.

To simplify the point system I’m proposing, if a heat record is broken by 2 degrees it’s given a 2, if by 5 degrees a 5, etc.

Same things for cold records. Then on this point system (2 points for breaking a record by 2 degrees, 1 point for breaking a record by 1 degree), I’ll bet heat records would be out-pointing cold records by somewhere between 3 and 4 to 1.

Anyone care to pursue this?

4. Michael Tucker says:

It is beginning to look like lawsuits are the new tactic of the science deniers. I see that The Competitive Enterprise Institute is going to sue NASA. What a waste of time! Meanwhile denier journalists are sticking to the same tired arguments. Despite all the evidence to the contrary, these folks insist we have nothing to worry about.

I think that once the agricultural industry begins to complain we might begin to see a more enthusiastic response to global warming. Apparently it will take time for them to come around. They obviously have not been inconvenienced enough by the extreme weather events we have seen so far. When the farmers and ranchers begin to ask for the government to tax carbon and limit CO2 emissions, more congress people will begin to respond.

5. prokaryote says:

On a sidenote, just watched the movie “The Road”, a post-apocalyptic plot – http://www.imdb.com/title/tt0898367/ the movie brings up another implication which will result from climate change famine.

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cannibalism

6. Paul K2 says:

Rayrick: You are mis-reading the AMSU graphs that show the daily satellite readings at this site. First, the data from that particular satellite isn’t used to calculate UAH since it has some orbital decay issues. Secondly, the daily graphs don’t include readings for the first half of 1998, far and away the hottest year until 2010 in the UAH record. If you select ch5 and the 20-yr record option, then redraw the graph, then the the 20-yr record tracing shows the temperature from the first half of 1998.

Based on that graph, May 2010 will be marginally hotter than 1998; however since the UAH uses a different satellite and since the margin over 98 is very small, we won’t know for sure if May 2010 registers at the hottest May in the UAH record. This is even more complicated, since Spencer and Christy are implementing a new calculation algorithm, that should push May’s reported number up a bit. I think May 2010 was the hottest May in the UAH data set, but just barely.

June will be the month to watch closely… if June of 2010 is quite close to June of 1998, then the reported 13 month moving average for UAH has a good chance of being broken with the release of the July report. Then the UAH record will show 2009/2010 as the hottest “year” in the global temperature record. At that point, we should get headlines claiming 2009/2010 as the hottest year in the last 150 years… That is the time to shout “hottest year” from the rooftops, since both the GISTEMP and UAH temperature records will show the hottest year. So cool your jets, and wait.

7. Chris Winter says:

Out in western Colorado, the Mesa County School Board has a BEE in its bonnet. A group called Balanced Education for Everyone wants the Board to mandate the teaching of “the other side” of the global warming debate. This movement is led by Rose Pugliese, attorney and Tea Party member, who in the past failed to win a seat on the Board.

No one here on CP will be surprised to learn that the funding for this misguided effort comes, by a roundabout route, from ExxonMobil and Koch Industries.

Meanwhile in Texas, it appears teachers are largely ignoring the guidelines passed by the TBOE back in March 2009 that are intended to cast doubt on the scientific consensus for climate change.

http://solveclimate.com/blog/20100601/skeptics-failing-get-anti-climate-science-agenda-texas-classrooms

8. Doug Bostrom says:

Eli Rabett says: June 1, 2010 at 9:30 pm

Predictably.

9. mike roddy says:

Joe-

May and June are the hottest months in India, and the heat is only broken when the monsoon arrives. Since India except for the extreme north is in the tropics, the seasons are different from those in temperate zones, and summer/winter don’t exist in the same way.

When I was in Delhi, 45C was really hellish due to the humidity, and was close to the all time record temperature. It was far hotter in my experience than, say 50C (122F) in Palm Springs. I don’t know the records in Gujurat and Maharashta, but 50C in India is unheard of, and may have broken local records by a major amount.

Maybe this will communicate a greater sense of urgency about what we will be facing to the people of India.

10. Ben Lieberman says:

A former colleague who is Indian and now lives in India has been blogging about the heat in Delhi.

11. Aaron Lewis says:

Yes, we are breaking records in the US!

Nice graphic from NWS at http://www.crh.noaa.gov/dvn/?n=climategraphics

12. john kearns says:

May: 1054 record high temperatures in a month AND 748 record lows.

Feb: about 25 highs and 220 lows (from graph).

I am aware that the west has been cold and the east hot during April and May. Why was Feb so abnormally average and May so bi – polar?

13. paulm says:

Boil, boil toil and trouble!

A single extreme weather event pushes out the envelope of climate and therefore is an indication of climate change.

Vice-versa, as the envelope of climate expands, extreme events can be driven by the new boundary.

14. climateprogressive says:

#13 John Kearns, “Why was Feb so abnormally average and May so bi – polar?”

Regarding the bipolar bit of the question: a blocked upper air pattern with variables controlled by juxtaposition of persistent upper ridges/troughs at a guess.

The UK and North Atlantic areas have seen the same – upper ridge up into the Arctic and trough to its east extending down into N Europe. Warmer air was advected NE towards the Arctic on the ridge’s west flank whilst here in the UK the air we had through a lot of April and into May was of Arctic origin coming down the ridge’s east flank – hence Spring was a bit slow to get going here, with cool/dry conditions. This gave rise to the usual (UK) suspects crowing about cooling trends, of course! In winter, they begin doing this immediately a puddle freezes over on their garden path – as predictably as the Dawn Chorus starting up as it gets light in the morning!

15. paulm says:

One for the record…next door.

http://www.guardian.co.uk/world/2010/jun/01/pakistan-record-temperatures-heatwave

today entered the modern history books after government meteorologists recorded a temperature of 53.7C (129F). Only Al ‘Aziziyah, in Libya (57.8C in 1922), Death valley in California (56.7 in 1913) and Tirat Zvi in Israel (53.9 in 1942) are thought to have been hotter.

16. paulm says:

“…The ratio of record highs to lows is likely to increase dramatically in coming decades if emissions of greenhouse gases continue to climb.”

There is also an aspect of this which isnt as dramatic but just as important…its the duration of high and low temps. and not just for extreme temps but for normal seasonal temps.

For example my local night lows are constantly above the period/seasonal average and for longer periods than before. This indicates the amount of energy the atmosphere is charged with. Of course for extreme temps the longer they run, the more wild the weather.

BTW this statement “…is likely to increase dramatically in coming decades if emissions of greenhouse gases continue to climb.” is a huge understatement…

They are likely to(are) increase(ing) dramatically now, even if emissions where to stop today!

17. Liquifire says:

Tick tock tick tock

Temperatures reach record high in Pakistan

Meteorologists record a temperature of 53.7C (129F) in Mohenjo-daro as heatwave continues across Pakistan and India

Mohenjo-daro, a ruined city in what is now Pakistan that contains the last traces of a 4,000-year-old civilisation that flourished on the banks of the river Indus, today entered the modern history books after government meteorologists recorded a temperature of 53.7C (129F). Only Al ‘Aziziyah, in Libya (57.8C in 1922), Death valley in California (56.7 in 1913) and Tirat Zvi in Palestine (53.9 in 1942) are thought to have been hotter.

Guardian, guardian.co.uk, Tuesday 1 June 2010 17.53 BST

19. mike roddy says:

As bad as the deaths are from heat waves like this one, in the future there will be more fatalities from famine related to heat at this level. Few areas with this kind of heat can support crops or irrigation due to the evaporation rate. Even if they did due to local conditions, people would not be able to work sufficient hours at that temperature to maintain and harvest those crops.

20. TAFL says:

The European heat wave of 2003 was deadly, and the record temps there were generally below 41 degrees celsius (106 Fahrneheit). The Wikipedia page http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/2003_European_heat_wave has an excellent summary. I would expect the casualty numbers in India to be much, much worse.

21. prokaryote says:

Mohenjo-daro (lit. Mound of the Dead, Sindhi: موئن جو دڙو/मूअनि जो दड़ो [muˑənⁱ ʥoˑ d̪əɽoˑ]) was one of the largest city-settlements of the Indus Valley Civilization of south Asia situated in the province of Sindh, Pakistan. Built around 2600 BCE, the city was one of the early urban settlements in the world, existing at the same time as the civilizations of ancient Egypt, Mesopotamia, and Crete. The archaeological ruins of the city are designated a UNESCO World Heritage Site. It is sometimes referred to as “An Ancient Indus Valley Metropolis”[1]. A meteorological station at Mohenjo-daro recorded 53.5C on 26 May 2010, being the highest temperature ever recorded in Pakistan and the world highest temperature ever recorded in the month of May.

Mohenjo-daro in ancient times was most likely one of the administrative centers of the ancient Indus Valley Civilization. [6] It was the most developed and advanced city in South Asia, and perhaps the world, during its peak. The planning and engineering showed the importance of the city to the people of the Indus valley.
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mohenjo-daro

22. prokaryote says:

Temperatures reach record high in Pakistan

Meteorologists record a temperature of 53.7C (129F) in Mohenjo-daro as heatwave continues across Pakistan and India

Temperatures in the nearest town, Larkana, have been only slightly lower in the last week, with 53C recorded last Wednesday. As the temperatures peaked, four people died, including a prisoner serving a life sentence for murder and an elderly woman. Dozens are said to have fainted.

The extreme heat was exacerbated by chronic power cuts which have prevented people from using air-conditioning. The electricity has cut out for eight hours each day as part of a severe load-shedding regime that has caused riots in other parts of Pakistan where cities are experiencing a severe heatwave with temperatures of between 43C and 47C.

“It’s very tough,” said M B Kalhoro, a local correspondent for Dawn.com, an online newspaper. “When the power is out, people just stay indoors all the time.”

The blistering heat now engulfing Pakistan stretches to India where more than 1,000 people have reportedly died of heatstroke or heart attacks in the last two months.

Southern Europe was yesterday rapidly warming after a particularly cool winter. Thirteen provinces in southern Spain, including Andalucia, Murcia and the Canary islands, were put on “yellow alert” after meteorologists forecast temperatures rising to 38C (99F) in Cadiz, Córdoba, Jaén, Malaga and Seville.

According to the US National Oceanic and Atmospheric Association (NOAA), the national climate monitoring service that measures global temperatures by satellite, 2010 is shaping up to be one of the hottest years on record. The first four months were the hottest ever measured, with record spring temperatures in northern Africa, south Asia and Canada.

On Sunday, scientists reported that Africa’s Lake Tanganyika, the second deepest freshwater lake in the world, is now at its warmest in 1,500 years, threatening the fishing industry on which several million lives depend. The lake’s surface waters, at 26C (78.8F), have reached temperatures that are “unprecedented since AD500,” they reported in the journal Nature Geoscience
http://www.guardian.co.uk/world/2010/jun/01/pakistan-record-temperatures-heatwave

23. prokaryote says:

Cyclone Phet threatening the Indian and Pakistani coastlines
http://sify.com/news/cyclone-phet-threatening-the-indian-and-pakistani-coastlines-news-international-kgcmufhajdb.html

24. fj2 says:

It seems that summer temperatures will provide plenty of heat to the fire to get moving on dealing with the climate crisis.

25. fj2 says:

http://www3.interscience.wiley.com/journal/122401764/grouphome/home.html

“Volume 1196 Issue Climate Change Adaptation in New York City: Building a Risk Management Response: New York City Panel on Climate Change 2010 Report (May 2010)

26. Whatshisname says:

The rainy season ended early for the third straight year in Central Texas. April was very dry. So was May, our wettest month. May also ended as the 12th warmest on record in Austin, which is no small feat. The mean temperature was 3.5 degrees above normal. That usually portends a very hot summer. And sure enough temperatures are forecast to start pushing the century mark this week. That’s a little early but it might not be a trend.

27. prokaryote says:

Heatwave forces cattle exodus from Rajasthan

Bakho Khan, a local resident, said, “My income primarily depends on cattle breeding and in such hot weather, it gets increasingly difficult to provide water to approximately 500 cattle. We are left with no option, but to migrate.”
http://timesofindia.indiatimes.com/India/Heatwave-forces-cattle-exodus-from-Rajasthan/articleshow/5996608.cms

28. prokaryote says:

Water shortage threatens Pakistan wheat crop

29. Rabid Doomsayer says:

Pakistan too, and brownouts so the airconditioning not so effective.

30. prokaryote says:

“Technological Change is Key” Lecture: Ajay Mathur
Energy Efficiency in India: Challenges and Initiatives

However, there continue to be energy efficiency opportunities that remain unexploited because challenges such as higher first costs, coupled with inadequate information on energy performance of appliances and equipment; financial, technical and transactions risks associated with the adoption of new energy efficient technologies; and split incentives, especially in the buildings sector. The unlocking of this potential is essential to meet national goals of access to energy for all, reduced vulnerability to shocks in energy imports; and better urban air quality. Additionally, as a co-benefit, these actions also further mitigate greenhouse gas emissions.

31. Lewis Cleverdon says:

Besides hitting crop yields and thereby advancing the onset of mega-famines due primarily to intensifying droughts, the extreme heat-waves are also contributing to the deforestation feedback.

This latter effect is not only by the heat dessicating forest in preparation for wildfire, but also by killing both saplings and young trees that lack sufficient wood to store water and sufficient roots to reach it, as well as mature trees that are already stressed from multiple pollution impacts.

Given that present impacts are from the time-lagged warming of around 330ppmv of CO2 in 1975, and that we’ve doubled the excess airborne CO2 since then, I’m wondering when campaigners are going to acknowledge:

a/. ‘stabilization’ at anything above 280ppmv is precluded as a serious option by the interactive feedbacks’ ongoing acceleration –
b/. that ending GHG emissions will not significantly reduce airborne CO2e ppmv but is essential in order to stop adding to it –
c/. that a gigahectare of native afforestation optimized for carbon recovery will recover sufficient CO2 to restore 280 ppmv, but could not do so until long after the feedbacks have become entirely self fuelling (runaway) –
d/. that we thus have no viable option but to control global temperature, by means of the most sustainable albido enhancement available, for the period of ending GHG outputs and operating afforestation for carbon recovery plus the 35 year timelag –
e/. that our campaigning should therefore be broadened to include the integration of the requisite governance of geoengineering by carbon recovery and albido enhancement within an equitable and efficient climate treaty.

Notably, a major longterm hindrance to the treaty’s negotiation could be resolved by this approach. The US recognizes, but denies all liability for, its historical emissions – which is in direct contradiction of developing countries’ position. Were the US to undertake to fund its share of global afforestation & associated processing capacity, it could address the historical emissions liability in an affordable manner, and thereby break the negotiations’ logjam.

So, I’m wondering what the CAP’s response would be to this necessary and constructive approach.

Regards,

Lewis

32. Leif says:

Bit of a bite before my morning coffee Lewis.

I would like to point out about the heat is that animals suffer and die in heat as well. These are the future food and earnings of already destitute people.

33. Wit's End says:

More heat translates into higher levels of toxic tropospheric ozone, and that = more cancer, emphysema, asthma, respiratory problems, heart attacks…and crop failure.

Michael #4, last season we had terrible harvests but the farmers get help (so far) from the federal government, which operates a patchwork of agencies to declare disaster areas making it extremely difficult to see the broader picture. Market Skeptics did the research: http://www.marketskeptics.com/2009/11/worst-harvest-season-ever-seen.html

34. prokaryote says:

Asia records its hottest temperature in history; Cyclone Phet threatens Oman – Tropical Cyclone Phet the 2nd strongest Arabian Sea storm on record
http://www.wunderground.com/blog/JeffMasters/comment.html?entrynum=1498

[JR: I beat you to the punch on this one!]

35. Brewster says:

Welcome to Hell.

36. Michael Tucker says:

Wit’s End #34,

I apologize but I do not see a listing of the “patchwork of agencies” in that ‘report’. So you are saying that, since farmers and ranchers can easily get the government to declare a disaster area, they are happy to keep putting seed in the ground year after year? They can’t be making a profit on disaster relief. That makes no sense. I have seen anecdotal reports from ranchers and farmers, like the ones in your link, before as well. When a critical mass of them are fed up and finally begin to attribute their local disasters to global warming, they will begin to bring their concerns to their elected officials. Right now they just want the bad weather to go away and the government to cover their losses.

37. mark says:

It seems here, (central Canada) due to an abnormally warm and early spring, some wild flowers were out early; now, nothing is available for certain insects and birds to eat, since they arrived at their normal dates, and those expected flowers, are gone to seed.

The above temperatures are truly frightening;

I am alarmed at what now seems to be the very rapid onset of the effects of climate change.

That the “worst case” scenario, is the one that is happening.

38. mike roddy says:

Lewis-

I’m interested in your afforestation ideas and data. Please email me the details.

39. prokaryote says:

Cyclone Phet to hit Karachi on Friday

Karachi (help·info) (Urdu: کراچی, Sindhi: ڪراچي कराची) is the largest city, main seaport and the financial capital of Pakistan, and the capital of the province of Sindh. With a city population of 15.5 million, Karachi is one of the world’s largest cities
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Karachi

40. prokaryote says:

“The cyclone has halted the monsoon’s progress in south India,” farm secretary PK Basu told reporters, referring to cyclone Phet over the Arabian sea.

“But there is no cause for concern as of now.”

Last month, another cyclone, Laila, over the Bay of Bengal had slowed the monsoon’s onset over the southern tip of India for a week.
http://www.hindustantimes.com/Monsoon-seen-hitting-Karnataka-this-week/Article1-552282.aspx

41. Wit's End says:

“So you are saying that, since farmers and ranchers can easily get the government to declare a disaster area, they are happy to keep putting seed in the ground year after year?”
-Michael #37

No, I didn’t mean to imply farmers are “happy” by any means. Just that they aren’t screaming as loudly as they would be if the government wasn’t giving them money when their crops fail. Farmers that raise food and livestock are among the first to feel the brunt of climate change – just look at their suicide rates in India, Australia, South America and Africa.

The main point is that the serious crop failures last year are masked by the methods used to dispense emergency relief.

Crops are failing all over the world, for reasons from weather to disease, the impacts of both being exacerbated by tropospheric ozone: http://witsendnj.blogspot.com/2010/06/let-famine-begin.html

42. pete best says:

Its a good post this one and demonstrates that it’s a global issue and a global solution is required and the USA should make great efforts to reduce their emissions significantly along with everyone else but as the USA and Europe have the technological and economic ability we should be going first.

43. Wit's End says:

Nasa satellite reveals record snow level across US due to warmth this spring:

What I want to know is, has anyone factored this into warming rates the way calculations have been made about the albedo effect from melting ice? Snow reflects sunlight to and it seems to me that as cover shrinks compared to the past it could be perhaps (?) a significant contributor.

44. Leif says:

Here on the Olympic Peninsula we how have 250% of our normal snow pack. Recall just a few months ago we were flying snow to the Olympics, within eye shot of my house. We currently are 50% above normal rain fall for the year. We have an “Atmospheric River” a thousand miles long bringing conditions similar to November patterns not June.

Global Climatic Disruption.

45. dhogaza says:

We have an “Atmospheric River” a thousand miles long bringing conditions similar to November patterns not June.

I don’t remember every having a pineapple express this time of year. I always associate them with winter, and if they come after the snowpack has built up, record-breaking floods like those in 1996 and the Christmas flood of 1964.

46. Peter Mizla says:

New England’s spring months (March, April, May) 2010 where the warmest on record. With April in Connecticut being the warmest April -ever; 16 degrees (f) above average- and the earliest high temperature recorded in the year early May) 99 degrees.

It looks like 2010 will surpass 1998/2005 as the warmest of years. It may be that the incredible amount of Co2 entering the atmosphere is no longer being absorbed by the sea- which is becoming overloaded.

The next decade should prove interesting- lets hope that catastrophes can be limited.

47. John from California says:

Interesting SOS if it’s cold it’s weather if it’s hot it’s global warming.You people crack me up.

48. Lewis Cleverdon says:

Leif – somebody should be telling you that ablutions, and coffee, and toast need to happen before switching on! Its a care-&-maintainance thing . . . .
But anyway, sorry about that. One of the few things in which Britain definitely leads the US is that the sun rises over here 5 hrs before doing so over there – hence my early post.

You’re right about the livestock – even here they’re getting hit. We were still having night frosts three weeks ago yet today was so hot that patches of tar on the lane started melting. Meanwhile the drought continues – the grass is so scarce that some hill farms that have never fed concentrates are having to do so.
Enough wingeing.

As I see it, the great problem re livestock globally is that in many cultures it is considered as ‘wealth on the hoof’ – Bruce Chatwin (The Songlines) wrote of the origin of the term ‘currency’ as being from this source- from ‘courir': ‘to run’. The loss of peoples’ herds is thus fundamental – it is the loss of the way of life itself, as they’ve nothing with which to start again.

In this context neither aid nor compensation seems anywhere near as relevant as the solidarity of people in wealthy nations in resolving their plight and its climatic origins.

Regards,

Lewis

49. Leif says:

Well said Lewis and I look forward to your posts.

In addition I live in the NW which puts me 8 hours behind you.

Climate

# After a blow-out U.S. April, a record-busting May

Posted on

CREDIT:

### “Hellish heatwave” in Pakistan sets hottest temperature in Asia’s history, 53.5°C (128.3°F); in India, hundreds die, death toll expected to rise as record temperatures soar up to 122°F

UPDATE:  Brutal heatwave in India and Asia discussed at the end.

Sure it was easily the hottest April “” and hottest Jan-April “” in NASA’s temperature record.  And we set a new record 12-month global temperature, as predicted.

But you can’t expect Americans to believe in global warming if America isn’t setting records, can you?  (see “One more reason that recent U.S. polling on global warming is down slightly“).

Well, we are setting records — as Steve Scolnik of CapitalClimate explains in his post, “All-Time May Monthly Heat Records Set in Massachusetts, Rhode Island.”  The figure above, by Scolnik based on National Climatic Data Center data, might remind you of this must-have figure from a 2009 National Center for Atmospheric Research study:

This graphic shows the ratio of record daily highs to record daily lows observed at about 1,800 weather stations in the 48 contiguous United States from January 1950 through September 2009. Each bar shows the proportion of record highs (red) to record lows (blue) for each decade. The 1960s and 1970s saw slightly more record daily lows than highs, but in the last 30 years record highs have increasingly predominated, with the ratio now about two-to-one for the 48 states as a whole.  (©UCAR, graphic by Mike Shibao.)

NCAR begins its release on this study (see “Record high temperatures far outpace record lows across U.S.“):

Spurred by a warming climate, daily record high temperatures occurred twice as often as record lows over the last decade across the continental United States, new research shows. The ratio of record highs to lows is likely to increase dramatically in coming decades if emissions of greenhouse gases continue to climb.

“Climate change is making itself felt in terms of day-to-day weather in the United States,” says Gerald Meehl, the lead author and a senior scientist at the National Center for Atmospheric Research (NCAR). “The ways these records are being broken show how our climate is already shifting.”

Precisely.

May wasn’t as much of a record-annihilator as April, but as Scolnik reports:

June 1 Update: Updated figures for the entire month show heat records outnumbering cold records in May by over 40% (1054 vs. 748). For the week ending May 28, the ratio was almost 3:1. The number of heat records on May 26 has increased to 115 vs. only 7 cold records.

May 27 PM Update: The National Climatic Data Center (NCDC) reports that at total of 88 new daily high temperature records were set on May 26 in the U.S., following 164 on the previous day. A total of only 34 low temperature records were set on the 2 days. For the week ending yesterday, the ratio of heat records to cold records was about 2:1. Although January and February were relatively cold, May is continuing the trend of the last 3 months for the number of heat records to far exceed the number of cold records.

Original post:
Several all-time May heat records were broken or tied across New England on May 26. The high of 94° at Worcester was a new high for the month of May and broke the old daily high from 1932 by 4°. Providence also set a monthly record of 96°, breaking the old daily record from 1965 by 5°. The high of 99° at Hartford tied the May record and broke the old daily record from 1965 by 5°.

Daily temperature records were also widespread from Pennsylvania through New York and New England and into southern Canada, where an extreme heat alert was issued for the Toronto area. Toronto’s high of 31°C broke a record for the second straight day, and records were also set at Peterborough, Ottawa, North Bay and Sudbury. Canadian forecasters are anticipating a warmer than average summer following the warmest winter and warmest spring on record.

Settle down, anti-science disinformers who try to shout down any talk of a link between climate change and extreme weather.  We all know that you can’t use a single weather event as evidence for or against climate change “” unless of course that weather event is a big snowstorm [see “Massive moisture-driven extreme precipitation during warmest winter in the satellite record “” and the disinformers say it disproves (!) climate science].  That is why the nationwide record highs vs. record lows data is worth tracking.

Record-breaking high temperatures just aren’t “news” for the media — after all everybody “knows” it’s warming — whereas non-record-breaking cool temperatures, well, they merit mention in the very first sentence of anti-science tripe from a major newsweekly:  “Blame economic worries, another freezing winter, or the cascade of scandals….” (see Why has a Newsweek economics editor, Stefan Theil, written “basically a condensed version of the climate denier viewpoint”?)

And for many if not most weather reporters, it’s all just one of the greatest coincidences in human history (see “The NYT once again equates non-scientists “” Bastardi, Coleman, and Watts (!) “” with climate scientists” and “Is that airlifted snow on your Olympic ski mountain, or is your enormous helicopter just happy to see me?“)

Sadly, for the rest of us, assuming we keep doing what we’re doing, which is to say, nothing, NCAR predicts (and yes, they use the word “predictions” not “projections”):

The modeling results indicate that if nations continue to increase their emissions of greenhouse gases in a “business as usual” scenario, the U.S. ratio of daily record high to record low temperatures would increase to about 20-to-1 by mid-century and 50-to-1 by 2100.

In short, if you like it hot, you ain’t seen nothing yet (see Our hellish future: Definitive NOAA-led report on U.S. climate impacts warns of scorching 9 to 11°F warming over most of inland U.S. by 2090 with Kansas above 90°F some 120 days a year “” and that isn’t the worst case, it’s business as usual!“)

Globally, I’d expect May to be among the two hottest on record in the NASA and satellite datasets, but we won’t know that for sure for a few more days.

UPDATE:  Eli Rabett in the comments directs me to Paul Kedrosky who has a temperature map to go with this Guardian story:

Record temperatures in northern India have claimed hundreds of lives in what is believed to be the hottest summer in the country since records began in the late 1800s.

The death toll is expected to rise with experts forecasting temperatures approaching 50C (122F) in coming weeks. More than 100 people are reported to have died in the state of Gujarat where the mercury topped at 48.5C last week. At least 90 died in Maharashtra, 35 in Rajasthan and 34 in Bihar.

Hospitals in Gujarat have been receiving around 300 people a day suffering from food poisoning and heat stroke, ministers said. Officials admit the figures are only a fraction of the total as most of the casualties are found in remote rural villages….

The capital has sweltered under intense heat for weeks though, having endured temperatures of around 45C last week, dust storms and scattered rain brought some relief over the weekend….

Mean temperatures for both March and April were the highest in more than 100 years.

Meteorologist Dr. Jeff Master has more at his Wunderblog:

A hellish heat wave hit Pakistan last week, sending the mercury to an astonishing 53.5°C (128.3°F) at the town of MohenjuDaro on Wednesday May 26, reported the Pakistani Meteorological Department. While this temperature reading must be reviewed by the World Meteorological Organization (WMO) for authenticity, not only is the 128.3°C reading the hottest temperature ever recorded in Pakistan, it is the hottest reliably measured temperature ever recorded on the continent of Asia. This information comes to me courtesy of Chris Burt, the author of Extreme Weather, who is probably the world’s foremost expert on extreme weather records. In a collaborative effort with weather record researchers Maximiliano Herrera and Howard Rainford, Mr. Burt has painstakingly researched the extreme weather records for every country on Earth. They list the previous reliable record high for Asia as the 52.7°C (127°F) temperature measured on June 12, 1919, in the Sindh province of Pakistan. Temperatures exceed 120°F in this region of Pakistan nearly every year, in the late May/early June time frame before the monsoon arrives. Last week’s heat wave killed at least 18 Pakistanis, and temperatures in excess of 50°C (122°F) were recorded at nine Pakistani cities on May 26, including 53°C (127.4°F) at Sibi.

All-time hottest temperature for Southeast Asia this month
Record heat also hit Southeast Asia in May. According to the Myanmar Department of Meteorology and Hydrology, Myanmar (Burma) had its hottest temperature in its recorded history on May 12, when the mercury hit 47°C (116.6°F) in Myinmu. Myanmar’s previous hottest temperature was 45.8°C (114.4°F) at Minbu, Magwe division on May 9, 1998. According to Mr. Burt, the 47°C (116.6°F) measured on May 12 this year is the hottest temperature measured in Southeast Asia in recorded history.

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