Planning for our oceans future

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"Planning for our oceans future"

Obama signs executive order creating new national ocean policy

The Obama administration released the final recommendations of an Interagency Ocean Policy Task Force Monday, and the president immediately turned around and signed it into an executive order.  Laura Cantral of the Meridian Institute and CAP’s Andrew Light have the story in this cross-post.

The recommendations call for the establishment of a new national policy to protect and restore our oceans, coasts, and Great Lakes. Ocean conservation and industry groups have long identified a comprehensive national ocean policy as a priority. There is urgent need for more coordination between the multiple federal agencies with ocean management responsibilities and greater coherency between the numerous laws addressing ocean, coastal, and Great Lakes resources. The United States has now taken a major step forward in achieving that goal.

President Obama established the Interagency Ocean Policy Task Force in June 2009 and charged it with developing a recommendation for a national ocean policy, as well as a framework for effective coastal and marine spatial planning. The White House Council on Environmental Quality led the task force, which included 24 senior-level policy officials from across the federal government agencies. The task force gathered input from ocean user groups and citizens as it shaped its recommendations through a series of public discussions throughout the country, hundreds of meetings with stakeholders, and two public comment periods.

The task force also drew from a number of expert groups over the last year, including the recommendations of the bipartisan U.S. Commission on Ocean Policy, the Pew Oceans Commission, and the new union of these two groups””the Joint Ocean Commission Initiative that detailed many of the policies taken up by the task force. CAP President and CEO John Podesta recently joined the Joint Ocean Commission Initiative, which will now turn to monitoring and assessing the development of this new policy.

The new national policy finally provides a common vision and the coordinating structures needed to protect, restore, and sustain the environmental and economic health of our oceans, coasts, and Great Lakes. One of the key recommendations is the creation of a National Ocean Council, which will be charged with coordinating implementation of the national policy across the federal government. This council will formally engage with state, region, tribal, and local authorities to address priority issues.

The council is also tasked with advancing coastal and marine spatial planning””one of the priority issues identified by the task force. This comprehensive and adaptive tool employs sound science to identify areas most suitable for various ocean activities in order to reduce conflicts and environmental damage, to balance diverse activities for common areas such as fisheries management and wildlife protection, and preserve critical ecosystem services.

The council will also bring coherence to an often-dizzying area of local, state, and federal governance issues that have hindered the sustainable development of some ocean resources. For instance, deployment of wave powered energy buoys in the Pacific Northwest has been significantly delayed because of conflicts involving overlapping jurisdictions between different agencies authorizing such projects.

The new policy framework will go a long way toward ensuring effective preparation and management by focusing immediate attention and resources on priority issues. Put into practice, this policy will streamline oversight and help eliminate conflicting or overlapping mandates and responsibilities. These steps are essential to ensuring the long-term health of coastal and marine ecosystems and ocean-dependent industries””from commercial fishing to coastal tourism””that are threatened by everything from oil spills to the effects of climate change such as ocean acidification and sea level rise.

The recent BP oil disaster in the Gulf of Mexico dramatically underscores the need for a policy that would provide a common vision for ocean management across federal agencies and a clear delineation of responsibilities. Any single ocean policy would not have prevented such a disaster, but a strong national ocean policy would have improved the situation by providing necessary oversight and coordination, improved protection of ecosystems and natural resources, and an integrated approach to management that includes enforcement of the varying ocean uses.

More and more users tap into our ocean resources every day””for extractive activities such as oil drilling and fishing, and for leisure activities such as surfing and bird-watching. All of these are important, and we need to protect these valuable resources to sustain the uses people want and need to support their livelihoods. The new executive order will do just that by providing a strong new national policy to allow the nation to take significant steps toward protecting and restoring our ocean and coastal ecosystems so they will be healthy, resilient, and capable of providing the goods and services that we all enjoy.

Laura Cantral is a Senior Mediator and Program Manager at the Meridian Institute. Andrew Light is a Senior Fellow at the Center for American Progress.

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8 Responses to Planning for our oceans future

  1. Prokaryotes says:

    A Dose of Diversity
    Scientists are discovering that species extinctions fuel the rise and spread of infectious diseases and hinder medical research http://www.nwf.org/News-and-Magazines/National-Wildlife/Animals/Archives/2010/A-Dose-of-Diversity.aspx

  2. Stuart says:

    Excellent news! I am glad that they included the Great Lakes, too often they are the forgotten coast.

  3. Prokaryotes says:

    International Law Failing to Protect Coral Reefs and Tropical Fish, Experts Argue
    International law has failed to protect coral reefs and tropical fish from being decimated by a growing collectors market, but U.S. reforms can lead the way towards making the trade more responsible, ecologically sustainable and humane. http://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2010/06/100628092746.htm

  4. Michael Tucker says:

    “The new national policy finally provides a common vision and the coordinating structures needed to protect, restore, and sustain the environmental and economic health of our oceans, coasts, and Great Lakes.”

    The word ‘restore’ interests me. That word has also been used with regard to the Gulf catastrophe and those charged with that clean up are debating just what it means. When I look at our long history of treating the oceans as the toilets and trash dumps of the world I wonder what state of restoration we realistically expect to achieve. The Gulf shore, especially around the Mississippi delta, has been subsiding for generations. Do we expect to restore that? Then the obvious questions: How will we restore the pH of the oceans? How will we end the nitrogen and phosphorous pollution? How will we address the invasive species problem? How will we restore the coral reefs? What will we do to restore the fish populations that have all but disappeared? How will we correct the ocean and Great Lakes temperature? Are we just interested in our international waters or do the large trash islands of plastic count?

    How will this national ocean policy work if the US does not pass climate legislation or have any long term climate and energy policy? Restoration is a very expensive proposition that will take generations to accomplish. It would be nice to know how large of an economic investment the US is expected to make and who will manage the effort.

  5. Bob Wright says:

    We already have the Coast Guard, NOAA and EPA. Lets hope this is well planned and prevents politicized, competing, redundant and poorly communicating bureaucracies similar to problems with Homeland Security/FBI-FEMA-CIA…

  6. Windsong says:

    According to this new book I’m reading, “What We Leave Behind”, about 40% of the ocean is filled with plastic/trash. Areas as big as Africa, mile after mile– just plastic and trash. And there are several of these islands of trash in the ocean. Wonder how this new bill will alleviate all that(!?)

  7. fj2 says:

    Oceans are probably the place to move fast on to prevent marine ecosystem collapse. It is unknown the natural services they provide.

    Sequestering carbon in or from the oceans should proceed with natural mixing to bring more carbon from the atmosphere; with regulation to prevent marine ecosystem collapse.

  8. Mark says:

    Lots of great stuff in here for the ocean and better U.S. federal management coordination and governance.

    The devil of course, as always, is in the details. So the work to make sure task force recommendations and the Executive Order is well implemented is just beginning. For example the recommendations include, as noted by the Los Angeles Times , a controversial ocean zoning concept that we will have to watch carefully to avoid creating unintended consequences . . .