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CNN Bans Term ‘Frankenstorm’, But It’s A Good Metaphor For Warming-Driven Monster: ‘Largest Hurricane In Atlantic History’

By Joe Romm  

"CNN Bans Term ‘Frankenstorm’, But It’s A Good Metaphor For Warming-Driven Monster: ‘Largest Hurricane In Atlantic History’"

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UPDATE from Stu Ostro, Weather Channel Senior Meteorologist: “History is being written as an extreme weather event continues to unfold, one which will occupy a place in the annals of weather history as one of the most extraordinary to have affected the United States.

What would you call an “unprecedented and bizarre“ storm that is:

  • The “largest hurricane in Atlantic history measured by diameter of gale force winds (1,040mi)” [Capital Weather Gang]
  • “A Storm Like No Other” [National Weather Service via AP]. NWS“I cannot recall ever seeing model forecasts of such an expansive areal wind field with values so high for so long a time. We are breaking new ground here.”
  • “A meteorologically mind-boggling combination of ingredients [] coming together: one of the largest expanses of tropical storm (gale) force winds on record with a tropical or subtropical cyclone in the Atlantic or for that matter anywhere else in the world; a track of the center making a sharp left turn in direction of movement toward New Jersey in a way that is unprecedented in the historical database, as it gets blocked from moving out to sea by a pattern that includes an exceptionally strong ridge of high pressure aloft near Greenland; a “warm-core” tropical cyclone embedded within a larger, nor’easter-like circulation; and eventually tropical moisture and arctic air combining to produce heavy snow in interior high elevations. This is an extraordinary situation, and I am not prone to hyperbole.” [Stu Ostro]
  • Being fueled in part by “ocean temperatures along the Northeast U.S. coast [] about 5°F above average,” so “there will be an unusually large amount of water vapor available to make heavy rain” [former Hurricane Hunter Jeff Masters]
  • Also being driven by a high pressure blocking pattern near Greenland “forecast to be three standard deviations from the average” [Climate Central and CWG]
  • “Stitched together from some spooky combination of the natural and the unnatural.” [Bill McKibben]

McKibben explains “Our relationship to the world around us is shifting as fast as that world is shifting. ‘Frankenstorm’ is the right name for Sandy, and indeed for many other storms and droughts and heat waves now.”

CBS News offered another coincidental reason for the name in its headline, “Hurricane Sandy may slam into U.S. East Coast as Halloween week ‘Frankenstorm’.”

Readers of my book, “Language Intelligence: Lessons on Persuasion from Jesus, Shakespeare, Lincoln, and Lady Gaga,” know the unique power of metaphors. As one review article put it, “Studies reveal that virtually all of our abstract conceptualization and reasoning is structured by metaphor.”

Frankenstein — and his monster — have become a metaphor for the unintentional consequences of scientific and technological advances.

Humans are changing the climate in dangerous and unprecedented ways. At first it was unintentional, but no one in the public arena can possibly claim today they haven’t been warned — repeatedly — by climate scientists and others (see, for instance Lonnie Thompson on why climatologists are speaking out: “Virtually all of us are now convinced that global warming poses a clear and present danger to civilization.”)

Dr. Kevin Trenberth, former head of the Climate Analysis Section at the U.S. National Center for Atmospheric Research, explained in a must-read 2012 review article in Climatic Change:

The answer to the oft-asked question of whether an event is caused by climate change is that it is the wrong question. All weather events are affected by climate change because the environment in which they occur is warmer and moister than it used to be….

We can even make a stronger statement today in the case of hurricanes thanks to a brand new study, “Homogeneous record of Atlantic hurricane surge threat since 1923

We demonstrate that the major events in our surge index record can be attributed to landfalling tropical cyclones; these events also correspond with the most economically damaging Atlantic cyclones. We find that warm years in general were more active in all cyclone size ranges than cold years. The largest cyclones are most affected by warmer conditions and we detect a statistically significant trend in the frequency of large surge events (roughly corresponding to tropical storm size) since 1923. In particular, we estimate that Katrina-magnitude events have been twice as frequent in warm years compared with cold years.

The name “Frankenstorm” fits. Ostro says this is “even more extreme” than the infamous Perfect Storm of 1991. The unique severity of the storm is the point! Manmade warming has consequences. The time to act is now.

For those who aren’t regular readers of Climate Progress, here’s more of the literature on how manmade carbon pollution is making many of the most destructive kinds of extreme weather events — Frankenstorms – more frequent and more intense.

UPDATE: Let’s start with a quote from Jennifer Francis of Rutgers (via DotEarth) on the link between Sandy and the record-smashing Arctic sea ice loss:

The jet stream pattern — particularly the strongly negative NAO [North Atlantic Oscillation] and associated blocking — that has been in place for the last 2 weeks and is projected to be with us into next week is exactly the sort of highly amplified (i.e., wavy) pattern that I’d expect to see more of in response to ice loss and enhanced Arctic warming. Blocking happens naturally, of course, but it’s very possible that this block may have been boosted in intensity and/or duration by the record-breaking ice loss this summer. Late-season hurricanes are not unheard of either, but Sandy just happened to come along during this anomalous jet-stream pattern, as well as during an autumn with record-breaking warm sea-surface temperatures off the US east coast. It could very well be that general warming along with high sea-surface temperatures have lengthened the tropical storm season, making it more likely that a Sandy could form, travel so far north, and have an opportunity to interact with a deep jet-stream trough associated with the strong block, which is steering it westward into the mid-Atlantic. While it’s impossible to say how this scenario might have unfolded if sea-ice had been as extensive as it was in the 1980s, the situation at hand is completely consistent with what I’d expect to see happen more often as a result of unabated warming and especially the amplification of that warming in the Arctic.

I haven’t read the entire Noren paper yet, but it does not surprise me that severe flooding in the northeast could be linked with periods of negative AO [Arctic Oscillation]. When the AO is negative, the jet stream tends to be wavier, just like the situation we’re in now, which favors slow-moving weather systems that can cause floods. Losing ice, reducing the poleward temperature gradient, and warming the entire climate system should contribute to increasing the likelihood of condusive to anomalous storms.

The very latest science by Francis, NOAA, and others suggests we may actually be in the midst of a quantum leap or step-function change in extreme weather because of increases in “blocking patterns” and warming-driven Arctic ice loss:

One of the basic predictions of climate science is that extreme weather will make the hydrological cycle more extreme:

1) Here we show that human-induced increases in greenhouse gases have contributed to the observed intensification of heavy precipitation events found over approximately two-thirds of data-covered parts of Northern Hemisphere land areas. These results are based on a comparison of observed and multi-model simulated changes in extreme precipitation over the latter half of the twentieth century analysed with an optimal fingerprinting technique.

Changes in extreme precipitation projected by models, and thus the impacts of future changes in extreme precipitation, may be underestimated because models seem to underestimate the observed increase in heavy precipitation with warming.

2) Occurring during the wettest autumn in England and Wales since records began in 1766 these floods damaged nearly 10,000 properties across that region, disrupted services severely, and caused insured losses estimated at £1.3 billion….

… it is very likely that global anthropogenic greenhouse gas emissions substantially increased the risk of flood occurrence in England and Wales in autumn 2000.

That post ended with its own review of the literature on the connection between global warming and extreme weather. Here are several more recent studies on how warming is already making our weather more extreme:

A new study by a Duke University-led team of climate scientists suggests thatglobal warming is the main cause of a significant intensification in the North Atlantic Subtropical High (NASH) that in recent decades has more than doubled the frequency of abnormally wet or dry summer weather in the southeastern United States….

The models – known as Coupled Model Intercomparison Project Phase 3 (CMIP3) models – predict the NASH will continue to intensify and expand as concentrations of carbon dioxide and other greenhouse gases increase in Earth’s atmosphere in coming decades.”This intensification will further increase the likelihood of extreme summer precipitation variability – periods of drought or deluge – in southeastern states in coming decades,” Li says.

The team calculates that a 1 ºC increase in sea-surface temperatures would result in a 31% increase in the global frequency of category 4 and 5 storms per year: from 13 of those storms to 17. Since 1970, the tropical oceans have warmed on average by around 0.5 ºC. Computer models suggest they may warm by a further 2 ºC by 2100.

  • Nature: Strong Evidence Manmade ‘Unprecedented Heat And Rainfall Extremes Are Here … Causing Intense Human Suffering’
  • Hansen et al: “Extreme Heat Waves … in Texas and Oklahoma in 2011 and Moscow in 2010 Were ‘Caused’ by Global Warming”
  • Study Finds 80% Chance Russia’s 2010 July Heat Record Would Not Have Occurred Without Climate Warming
  • NOAA: Human-Caused Climate Change Already a Major Factor in More Frequent Mediterranean Droughts

Manmade climate change is one monster we still have some control over. But here’s the final warning. We are already seeing Frankenstorms, and we’ve only warmed about 1.4°F over the past century. We are on track to see more than 5 times that warming this century. The monster storms that would spawn are beyond imagining.

‹ Filling The Silence: What Obama and Romney Should Have Said (Had They Been Asked A Climate Question At The Debates)

October 29 News: Activists Connect The Dots On Climate Change And Extreme Weather In Times Square ›

47 Responses to CNN Bans Term ‘Frankenstorm’, But It’s A Good Metaphor For Warming-Driven Monster: ‘Largest Hurricane In Atlantic History’

  1. Mike Roddy says:

    CP readers know the material you cited here, but perhaps 90% of Americans do not, including East Coast residents.

    Mainstream media has this covered, and still refuse to make any connection between weather events and global warming, and barely cover disappearing icecaps.

    A dictator like Stalin or Hitler would be in awe of the oil companies’ ability to achieve this lockstep obedience. Andy Revkin’s mantra “Do not ever connect a weather event to global warming!!!” is now gospel for network television and large circulation print media. This is beyond irresponsible, and constitutes negligence that is causing death every day.

    • Jack Burton says:

      I agree totally. The US media has gone into a blackout as regards global warming. This is due to the political and fiscal power of the US fossil fuel industry.
      There are no excuses now, the government, the media and even the US military has been made well aware of where we stand as regards global warming and the suicidal path we have taken. All they can do now is try and keep it from the public as long as possible. They seem to have made a suicide pact with their political allies. Fossil fuel companies and the government know their path will doom millions, they do not care as long as they personally become wealthier.
      There is something sick about the lust for money that has gripped the American elite classes.

    • CW says:

      When I read that tweet, I can’t help wondering if this is what is really being said between the lines and outside of the space limit of twitter: “We decided to not call it ‘Frankenstorm’ because that is a name that strongly and accurately connects our collective actions with consequences. Given the severity of this storm, our readers and our sponsors, who together want to live in a consequence-free bubble, would have to think about themselves, their actions and their moral standing. We simply cannot have that. Indeed, we now feel that climate change is one subject, on an ever increasing list, that we have decided to no longer address as propagandists working in the interest of profit. From here on in, we will feign concern for people, by offering the contrived line that to call the storm ‘Frankenstorm’ is to use a childish label that insults those the storm will inevitably hurt given its severity. And our sponsors and viewers, who again don’t want even the slightest whiff of negative consequences, introspection, or moral self-doubt, will like this as they will be happy to not be associated with the childish. If propagandists were allowed to believe in irony, I would say this is ironic of course, given how we’re all being so childish.”

      • Mulga Mumblebrain says:

        The MSM presstitutes are experts at every form of humbug and dissembling. They could happily sleep on a corkscrew.

  2. DRT says:

    Its a good metaphor. It comes with handy sequels, Bride of Frankenstorm, Son of Frankenstorm, Frankenstorm II, all of which will be useful in the future.

  3. Ozonator says:

    With condolences, it could get a lot worse over the next 2 weeks. On top of Haida Gwaii/Hurricane Sandy, “A). … 1). … massive X-ray flare(s), earthquake(s) with tsunami(s), and monster hurricane ecosystems … pay for the extremist Republican and Christian Vain Romulan & Mo Ruin … AGW sunspots … of X10 – 40+ … B). … chance of JJBAL Fireballs with … regions (magnitude in Richters) are:
    1). Moon Walk Model:
    a). Vancouver (6+) – Long Valley (6+) – Salinas, California (6+) – Los Angeles (7+) – Brawley, California (6+) – Mexicali (7+) – Chiapas (7+) – Galapagos (5+),
    b). Guatemala (5+) – El Salvador (8+) – Costa Rica (7+) – Colombia (6+) – Ecuador (5+).
    c). Madhya Pradesh (6+) – Arunchel Pradesh (6+) – Sichuan (7+) – Gansu (7+) – Tuva Republic (6+), and
    d). Hawaii (7+) – Houk Island, Federated States of Micronesia (9+) – Samar Island (7+) – Molucca Sea (8+) – Banda Sea (8+) – Western Australia (6+);
    2). Brazil (6+) – Potosi, Bolivia (5+) – Antofagasta, Chile (8+) – Coquimbo, Chile (7+) …
    3). 13th KochEssoFoxrush Exploding AGW Quake Cyst Model (10/28 – 11/3/12): southeast Mediterranean Sea (7+) – Turkey (7+) – Italy (7+) – Sicily (6+) – Tunisia (5+) …
    C). … A correct …is anything within 0.5 Richters below given prediction and anything above the prediction for the region (within 100 miles, greater if people felt it). On the open ocean … 400 miles“
    (GBRWE 10/28 – 11/3/12”s Extreme Planetary Warnings for Earthquakes, Volcanoes, and Solar/Terrestrial Flares from Human Activities; Robert Rhodes, Supplemental; GBRWE 10/28 – 11/3/12, 10/27/12).

    • Ozonator says:

      AGW fireballs and earthquakes are US.

      Guatemala was a correct AGW quake prediction. It was about 50 miles from Guatemala, in the “Moon Walk Model …Guatemala (5+) – El Salvador (8+)” under 10/28 – 11/3/12, well within the standard 2-week model, and well within the 4.5 Richter minimum. About to change to an even worse system since they are geologists, the mostly good people with unfriendly user web maps at the USGS reported with poorly colored numbers and letters, the technically major quake – Magnitude Richters … Date … Region: “4.5 … 2012/10/29 … OFFSHORE EL SALVADOR” (earthquake.usgs.gov).

      Vancouver was a correct AGW fireball prediction. About 70 miles from the predicted “Vancouver (6+)” for a “fireball”, “Reports of a meteor falling to Earth kept authorities across Western Washington hopping Wednesday night as scores of people reported seeing the space debris streaking to the ground. … Snohomish County Sheriff’s deputies investigated reports of a possible meteor falling somewhere near I-5 and Exit 212 … An Arlington police officer confirmed seeing something fall from the sky” (“Meteor lights up Halloween night sky”; BY JOSH KERNS; mynorthwest.com, 11/1/12).

  4. Chris says:

    Just for that I’m going to leave a lot of nasty comments on CNN for dropping the term Frankenstorm.

  5. Merrelyn Emery says:

    What did McKibben mean by “some spooky combination of the natural and the unnatural”? I can find nothing ‘unnatural’ about it. It gives comfort to those who cling to theories about imaginary causative agents, ME

    • Mulga Mumblebrain says:

      I imagine he meant the anthropogenic element, the climate destabilisation caused by our greenhouse emissions. We are about as ‘unnatural’ these days as is imaginable.

      • Merrelyn Emery says:

        We are ‘unnatural’ only if you accept that we, and our actions, are separate from the rest of ‘nature’ which is clearly NOT the case, ME

        • We are not separate, but we sometimes act as though we were. I believe that was McKibben’s meaning.

        • Mulga Mumblebrain says:

          We are the same as Nature on the physical plane, but we have the unique, or rare, gift of highly variable psychologies and high technology, with which we attempt to pretend that we transcend physical existence. We invent Goddesses (now superseded) and (less benignly) patriarchal Gods who, when not exhorting us to subjugate the planet and exterminate our multitudinous ‘enemies’, promise us that death does not end our existence. Hence we enter a realm of magical thinking where the natural world is totally disposable, easily destroyed without regret, because we’ll all have pie in the sky, when we die. We are, in short, mad, bad and dangerous to know. Well, the crazy ones amongst us are.

          • Dennis Tomlinson says:

            We are the only species with the wherewithal to exercise dominion over nature and, unfortunately, to be foolhardy enough to do so.

        • sailrick says:

          What isn’t natural is taking the carbon that nature spent tens of millions of years taking out of the carbon cycle by sequestering it away in the earth in the form of coal and oil, and putting it all back into the carbon cycle in a few hundred years.

          By doing that we are essentially forcing an end to the wonderful Holocene, during which stable and relatively low atmospheric CO2 concentrations, between 180-280ppm, allowed humans to develop agriculture and civilization, with it’s fairly stable climate regime.

    • CW says:

      I agree with ME. I always had trouble with McKibben’s book title “End of Nature” for the same reasons.

      • Merrelyn Emery says:

        Yes CW, the end of nature is a joke as we are all about to find out if we haven’t already. McKibben has tried to stimulate debate but to continue the culture of us against or above nature was always going to end badly and no amount of words is going to change that while proven alternatives are ignored, ME

  6. mikkel says:

    Don’t worry, Andy Revkin states that there is too much variability to know that this has anything to do with climate change; so we’re going to be fine going forward, or at least it’s not our fault.

    Although when you click on one of his links it hypothesizes that strong Northeastern storms are due to AO blocking, which is precisely what climatologists think loss of Arctic ice is causing.

    • Mulga Mumblebrain says:

      He writes his drivel because his business owners expect it. The absolutely necessary rapid and total decarbonisation of the global economy required to avert our destruction would destroy capitalism as its current controllers know it. So nothing will be allowed to happen, as long as the capitalist elite call the shots. By the time the serfs revolt, if ever, it will be decades too late.

      • Sad, Mulga, sad. But I believe you’re right.

        • so guys and gals- my feeling is that what Mulga wrote and Phillip seconded is what many of us in the climate arena. Bearing that in mind…is there a time coming when many of us will gather together to enact a glorious, desperate, ‘useless’ act of inspired creative outrage?…a ‘barbaric yawp’ if you will. By god, it might feel good after all this attempting to chip away at the edifice of avoidance, denial and numbness that represents our public arena.

          • DRT says:

            How many people are in the union of all big green and little green environmental orgs.? If everyone in EDF, and NRDC, and Sierra Club and Protect Our Winters, and 350 and … all stood up shouting the same thing at the same time would it make a difference?

    • Toby says:

      I read Revkin’s piece, andmaybe he has updated it because he sounded reasonably agnostic to me. Jennifer Francis has been in touch with him, and not a Pielke Jnr in sight.

      Incidentally, this study of storm surges finds an increase in warm years.http://www.pnas.org/content/early/2012/10/10/1209542109

      • mikkel says:

        I don’t care whether Revkin (or anyone) personally believes that the storm is strongly related to global warming, but object to his linking to research that talks about weather events in the past without mentioning that their hypothesized mechanism is AO related, as is the mechanism for this storm.

        He even states, “The other questions related to human-driven climate change are focused on the impact of reduced Arctic sea ice on Northern Hemisphere weather patterns” right after the link, suggesting that they are separate topics.

        In his update he quotes Kevin Trenberth as doubting the AO-sea ice connection, which is fair since it’s a fairly new hypothesis that still is being fleshed out. But assuming that the AO is affected by sea ice then the historical record should make us far more worried, not less as he (sort of) implies.

    • squidboy6 says:

      The disconnect the Revkin keeps pushing is astonishing since most are calling this storm the largest in US history, by which they mean from the inception of the country and not geological.

      Then he goes on to state that there were larger storms in the Caribbean when the water was colder. I think he’s got some perverse desire to be contrary instead of impartial.

      Once I read it, and his analysis is weak and contradictory, I wished I hadn’t bothered since I knew what to expect even before I clicked on the link. He’s not worth wasting time on.

      • Mulga Mumblebrain says:

        When you sell out, you have to keep ‘upping the ante’, else some other denialist entrepreneur will steal your lucrative niche. These creatures always move further and further Right, and end up on Fox News or working at one of the more extreme propaganda tanks.

      • John McCormick says:

        Fred Singer and Andy are joined at the right temples. Or the wrong temples. Which?

  7. Joan Savage says:

    A tropical hurricane plus a blocking Greenland high and the arrival of an Arctic cold front form a rare, but not unheard of combination of factors that also showed up in Hurricane Hazel (1954). In that regard Sandy is not unique, so not really a Frankenstorm.

    Joe and the array of meteorological commentators point us to the warmer ocean, the greater volume of moisture lifted up, and thus the greatest areal extent of a recorded hurricane. These features of Sandy are clearly linked to global warming.

    I doubt if an alternate label will catch on, but I have the whim to relabel Hurricane Sandy as Steroidstorm II, (or is it III or more?) due to the major amplification of energy and areal extent.
    (Was Irene the first?)

    • Joan Savage says:

      Shifts in the Jet Stream and blocking patterns are associated with Arctic warming, so the odds of having more common Sandy/Hazels could be on the increase. Possible.

      • Jack Burton says:

        Yes, this storms unique characteristics are due to the conditions set up by the warming arctic. Probably if not for the record sea ice melt and unusually warm temperatures that melted great parts of Greenland, this system could not develop as it has. This storm is a signal of global warming. To say otherwise is a dubious stretch of denial.

  8. PeterM says:

    Living in Connecticut (inland) A storm surge of at least 10 feet is expected on the shoreline from Greenwich east to the Rhode Island border. Hurricane force winds will progress inland by noon from the coast. Massive flooding along the coast- but the surge will proceed inland as far as Middletown on the Connecticut river, and in Norwich on the Thames river. Massive tree damage expected- and up to 850,000 without power. My question is how much more of this do we need to see, before the public wakes up?

  9. NJP1 says:

    a drought worse that anything previously
    now a storm worse than anything in history
    those hoaxers sure are workin overtime this year

  10. Jack Burton says:

    I note that on the several economics blogs that I read daily, the storm is getting some attention. What is predictable are the climate science deniers that are trolling the comments sections. They are all over this storm as all hype and all liberal panic mongering. These people are either paid oil company PR people, or are truly in a state of mental illness.

    • Ozonator says:

      You are not supposed to notice that they have failed to predict anything but a free lunch from their “natural cycles”. Please note their is a difference between people with mental illnesses, like my mcs, and their natural psychos.

    • Mulga Mumblebrain says:

      Terminal moral dementia, endemic on the Right.

    • Joan Savage says:

      Understating the seriousness of a forthcoming threat led to prison sentences in Italy for seismologists, for negligent homicide, by earthquake!

      The trolls are lucky in that no one takes them seriously enough to prosecute them for similarly bad advice.
      But, it ain’t over ’til it’s over.

  11. idunno says:

    I have already posted this link on the Weekend Open Thread, but I think its worth repeating here. Governor Romney opines that it would be immoral for any of your tax dollars to be spent on helping the victims such storms:

    http://thinkprogress.org/climate/2011/06/14/244973/mitt-romney-federal-disaster-relief-for-tornado-and-flood-victims-is-immoral-makes-no-sense-at-all/

    Essentially, he seems to be claiming that the process initiated by Dubya, during Katrina, detailed in Naomi Klein’s “Disaster Capitalism” did not go nearly far enough.

    I would encourage all readers to share the above link far and wide.

    • squidboy6 says:

      That’s the “logical” extension of denying Climate Change and it’s like being pregnant from a rapist, “it’s your fault and it’s God’s Will” so you don’t expect the Feds to help do you?

      On the other hand the 538-blog at NYT has a comprehensive analysis of the Presidential race which is very reassuring.

  12. Frankenstorm is a great name more it. Just like Frankenfood is s good name for GMO crap.
    With apologies, of course, to Al Franken.

  13. Spike says:

    Revkin isn’t alone of course – at the end of an article on the hurricane in the Guardian this little piece of detached pseudo scientism is tacked on:

    “We’re now seeing two years in a row with a hurricane-like system heading into the New York City area. We’re also witnessing two years in a row of massive late October storms. Whether I agree with it or not, this will lead to discussion over whether we’re witnessing the first impacts of climate change.”

    http://www.guardian.co.uk/world/2012/oct/28/hurricane-sandy-powerful-storm-perspective

    • Mulga Mumblebrain says:

      What mealy-mouthed weasel words. Does he not comprehend how foolish and gutless they make him appear? All in order to protect his employment prospects. The MSM are now several miles beneath contempt.

  14. Romney clearly has this wrong. Any major disaster relief required after an extreme weather event is going to need the military to help co-ordinate logistical requirements and repair, consolidate transport conduits to enable relief workers to move supplies around on the ground.

    This should be paid for out of the federal military budget. The money to pay for the supplies of medical equipment and consumables, food, water etc should come from the rest of the people not affected. That should initially come from government, so relief can happen quickly and efficiently, centrally organised by FEMA. Then, all donations for disaster relief from the public should go to top up the fund kept for the next time it’s needed.

    That way, money is used efficiently, quickly, and isn’t in danger of being wasted or misappropriated.

    Private sector companies which tender to do relief work should be audited after each event to ensure probity and assess performance.

    Just my 2c

  15. Paul Klinkman says:

    OK, Kochstorm! Let’s name the monster after its fathers.

  16. Paul Klinkman says:

    Frankenstorm has turned on its creator, Wall Street, and killed Wall Street’s electrical power permanently.

  17. Kent O. Doering says:

    I wrote a t.v. script a decade ago rejected by even producers of German documentaries as too- extreme. “The Angry Oceans” describing how the greenhouse effect also impacts on the oceans. The co² also gets into the water via wave action, enriching the co² content there as well. Water heats up more, but does not evaporate due to hotteer co² warmed air over the surface.. Sandy came roaring across the Pacific with precisely such conditions.

    Huge energy potentials build, and then, when the air considerably cools in the late hurricane season- a series of events- The El nINO sweeps a storm across the Pacific, crosses the ithmus of Panama, and soaks up all that energy in the hot caribbean, and moves north. I was predicting this kind of horror scenario ten years ago, along with the draughts, and the increased tornado storms in the midwest. Worse is still to come I am afraid. We need a concerted “Global Warm Against Global Warming” I think my country of rwsidence is best equipped to handle it. Germany