Since World War Two, manufacturing jobs have grown under Democratic presidents and faced more challenges under Republicans, a new study reported on Monday.
Democratic presidents presided over estimated employment rise of 7 million in the manufacturing sector over the course of seven administrations; In nine administrations, Republicans saw a fall of manufacturing jobs by an estimated 9 million. The Keystone Research Center broke down those numbers by region:
Trends in four regions reflect long-term shifts of manufacturing away from the Northeast and the Midwest and towards the South and the West. Averaging results using the three estimation methods:
- In the Northeast, about 4 million manufacturing jobs were lost in Republican administrations and nearly 900,000 gained in Democratic.
- In the Midwest, about 3.2 million manufacturing jobs were lost in Republican administrations and about 2 million created in Democratic.
- In the South, about 925,000 manufacturing jobs were lost in Republican administrations and about 2.1 million manufacturing jobs created in Democratic.
- In the West, about 380,000 manufacturing jobs were lost in Republican administrations and about 1.55 million jobs created in Democratic.
“These are big differences” said Dr. Colin Gordon, a senior research consultant on the report. “If the manufacturing jobs score under Republicans had matched that under Democrats, the U.S. would have roughly twice as many manufacturing jobs as it does today—the U.S. manufacturing jobs share today would be similar to Germany’s.” The study also found that specific states tended to perform better based on which party was in power at any given time. Iowa and Wisconsin, for example, broke just about even on the number of jobs created under either party.
For his part, President Obama has helped to quell the loss in manufacturing jobs during his time in office. He’s created half a million manufacturing jobs, but hasn’t yet reached a net gain since manufacturing was hit hardest by the 2008 recession.
For a look at interactive maps of job gains and losses, click here.