In a recent Gallup poll, 15 percent of American women said that they have been passed over for a promotion or an opportunity at work because of their gender. Thirteen percent reported having been denied a raise for the same reason.
This is a problem disproportionately affecting women. When Gallup asked men these questions, just 8 percent said they were denied a promotion because of their gender and a mere 4 percent reported being denied a raise for that reason.
Women also report being less satisfied with their pay and promotions. Although men and women report somewhat equal satisfaction on many elements of the workplace, an 8 percentage point gap appears between how satisfied the genders are on the amount of money they earn and a slight gap shows up in their chances at promotion.
These specific instances of gender bias are part of a larger climate. About a third of women in a recent poll released by Elle Magazine and the Center for American Progress said that they had experienced discrimination in the workplace. Thirty-one percent think they would be paid more if they were male, and men agreed — 20 percent felt they would be paid less if they were female. But the genders differ in other ways: Two-thirds of women think professional women are scrutinized more harshly than men, but just half of men agree, while just a third of men think women don’t reach the top ranks because of discrimination but over half of women agree.
Overall, women still make less than men for similar work. Female college graduates of the same age, degree, grades, and schooling make less than their male counterparts in their first jobs. No matter how much more education a woman takes on, she will still make less than a man with the same degree. Women make less than men no matter what industry or occupation they choose. Even women who make it into top executive positions are paid less than their male counterparts.
There is also evidence that women routinely get passed over for promotions or career opportunities. Even when women graduate from top business schools and adopt all of the proactive career advancement strategies that men do, they still progress more slowly up the ladder than their male counterparts. This is part of why just 21 of the CEOs at Fortune 500 companies are women and they hold just 16.6 percent of board seats.