Study: Just 20 States Mandate Both Sex Ed And HIV Ed | A new Guttmacher Institute brief on sex education and HIV education programs across the country highlights the nation’s woeful lack of state requirements to provide students with comprehensive information about health and sexuality. Guttmacher reports that just 20 states and the District of Columbia mandate that schools provide both a sex ed and an HIV ed curriculum in their health classes. Thanks to the conservative push to instate abstinence education programs in schools, just 17 states and the District of Columbia require schools to cover contraception in their curricula, while over twice as many — 37 — require schools to teach abstinence. And very few states mandate that schools should take steps to cover sexuality in an inclusive way. Only 11 require any kind of discussion of sexual orientation, and 3 actually require that only negative information on sexual orientation is imparted to students.