International Criminal Court Gives First-Ever Prison Sentence | The International Criminal Court, created 10 years ago to try individuals for war crimes and genocide, has handed down its first-ever prison sentence. Thomas Lubanga, a former Congolese warlord, was sentenced to a 14-year jail term for building a rebel army out of child soldiers during the Second Congo War of 2001-2003. The army was accused of murder, rape, and ethnic massacres. After taking into account time-served, Lubanga, who is also the first person to be convicted by the ICC, will spend eight more years in prison. The ICC is investigating seven other cases, all based in Africa, and has issued four arrest warrants for crimes in the DRC since opening its doors in 2003. The United States is not one of the 120 countries that are members of the ICC.