Politics

CHART: Who Is Lobbying For And Against The Protect IP Act

Today, many internet sites — from Wikipedia to Google — have chosen to go dark or change their display format, in protest of S. 968, the Preventing Real Online Threats to Economic Creativity and Theft of Intellectual Property Act of 2011 (or the PROTECT IP Act).

Supporters argue the bill will provide much-needed protections for American intellectual property and curb “rogue websites operated and registered overseas.” Opponents warn that the measure as written would “censor the Web and impose harmful regulations on American business” and want to see significant changes to the draft before Congress considers it. Both sides have mobilized to lobby Washington on the bill.

Though many of the supporters and opponents of the bill are well known, a ThinkProgress examination of the companies and organizations lobbying on the bill yields some unexpected results.

Sen. Patrick Leahy (D-VT) introduced the bill last May. In the two quarters that followed, at least 39 entities reported lobbying in favor of the bill. These included obvious business interests such as the U.S. Chamber of Commerce, Comcast Corp., Disney, the Motion Picture Association of America, News Corp., Nintendo, and Sony Pictures, as well as a few less expected backers including Tiffany & Co., the American Apparel & Footware Association, and the Alliance of Automobile Manufacturers.

At least 19 companies and organizations lobbied against the bill and/or the Stop Online Piracy Act (SOPA), the House version of the bill. These included Internet companies including eBay, Facebook, Go Daddy, Google, and Yahoo!, but also American Express and Visa.

While federal lobbying disclosure rules do not require filers to report how much they spend on each specific issue, the supporters total lobbying over the time they lobbied on this (including all other issues) amounted to at least $64 million, while opponents’ total lobbying on all issues totaled at least $12.8 million. (Note: we cannot determine from disclosure forms how much of the lobbying spending was devoted solely to PIPA.)

So whichever side wins, it won’t have come cheap. See our analysis of both the pro- and anti-PIPA lobbying activities below:

Supporter Total Reported Spending on ALL Lobbying (over 2011 periods in which it lobbied on S. 968)
ALLIANCE OF AUTOMOBILE MANUFACTURERS $3,711,300
AMERICAN APPAREL & FOOTWEAR ASSOCIATION $341,735
American Society of Composers, Authors, and Publishers $160,000
BEACHBODY LLC (FORMERLY PRODUCT PARTNERS LLC) $40,000
BROADCAST MUSIC INC $700,000
CBS $150,000
CENTER FOR INDIVIDUAL FREEDOM $10,000
CHAMBER OF COMMERCE OF THE U S A $19,050,000
COMCAST CORPORATION $8,920,000
COPYRIGHT ALLIANCE $90,000
Directors Guild of America $120,000
DISNEY WORLDWIDE SERVICES INC $1,330,000
Entertainment Software Association $40,000
ENTERTAINMENT SOFTWARE ASSOCIATION (ESA) $110,000
INTERNATIONAL ALLIANCE OF THEATRICAL STAGE EMPLOYEES $60,000
INTERNATIONAL TRADEMARK ASSOCIATION $60,000
MOTION PICTURE ASSOCIATION OF AMERICA $890,000
MOTOR & EQUIPMENT MANUFACTURERS ASSOCIATION $78,287
NATIONAL ACADEMY OF RECORDING ARTS & SCIENCES $256,103
National Association of Broadcasters $6,620,000
NATIONAL CABLE AND TELECOMMUNICATIONS ASSOCIATION $8,510,000
NATIONAL ELECTRICAL MANUFACTURERS ASSOCIATION $580,000
NATIONAL MUSIC PUBLISHERS’ ASSOCIATION $50,000
NEWS AMERICA INC $3,070,000
NINTENDO OF AMERICA INC $10,000
OUTDOOR INDUSTRY ASSOCIATION $170,000
PEARSON EDUCATION (FKA Pearson, Inc) $480,000
Professional Photographers of America / Alliance of Visual Artists $30,000
RECORDING INDUSTRY ASSOCIATION OF AMERICA $2,380,133
REED ELSEVIER INC $760,000
SOFTWARE & INFORMATION INDUSTRY ASSOCIATION $460,000
SONGWRITERS GUILD OF AMERICA $20,000
SONY MUSIC ENTERTAINMENT (FORMERLY SONY BMG MUSIC ENTERTAINMENT) $950,000
SONY PICTURES ENTERTAINMENT $280,000
SPECIALTY EQUIPMENT MARKET ASSOCIATION $100,000
Tiffany & Co. $70,000
TIME WARNER INC $1,646,000
UNIVERSAL MUSIC GROUP $1,570,000
VIACOM INTERNATIONAL SERVICES INC $660,000

 

Opponent Total Reported Spending on ALL Lobbying (over 2011 periods in which it lobbied on S. 968)
Ad Network Educational Consortium $150,000
AMERICAN ASSOCIATION OF LAW LIBRARIES $15,000
AMERICAN CIVIL LIBERTIES UNION $328,218
American Express Company $950,000
AMERICAN LIBRARY ASSOCIATION $49,911
Business Software Alliance $140,000
Computer & Communications Industry Association $10,000
CONSUMER ELECTRONICS ASSOCIATION $1,530,000
eBay Inc. $110,000
Escape Media Group, Inc. $120,000
Facebook, Inc. $680,000
Go Daddy.com $287,000
GOOGLE INC $4,440,000
Library Copyright Alliance $10,000
NetCoalition $90,000
VALUECLICK INC $30,000
VISA INC $3,130,000
YAHOO! Inc. $720,000