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CCX sells rip-offsets: “It seemed a little suspicious that we could get money for doing nothing”

By Joe Romm  

"CCX sells rip-offsets: “It seemed a little suspicious that we could get money for doing nothing”"


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Richard Sandor and his Chicago Climate Exchange (CCX) may be doing more to destroy the credibility of the carbon trading market than anyone in the world, as the Wall Street Journal makes painfully clear today.

I urge anyone considering throwing their money away on rip-offsets to read the entire piece, “Pollution Credits Let Dumps Double Dip: Landfills Find New Revenue in Trading System Meant to Curb Greenhouse Emissions.”

[Cash for Carbon]Sandor has turned the CCX into Bear Stearns or Lehman Brothers and turned the carbon trading market into another example of casino capitalism — all in the name of the almighty dollar (see “Q: What is the difference between carbon offsets and mortgage-backed securites?“).

What CCX is doing — and how Sandor justified it to the WSJ — is almost beyond belief. Let’s start with the rip-offsets.

Buried in a recent Post article was the amazing fact that CCX was selling offsets from a landfill that was flaring methane — and that was going to keep doing so whether they got money from CCX or not (see Is the Chicago Climate Exchange selling rip-offsets?) Even if you think rip-offset money should go for methane flaring projects (I don’t), paying people to do things that they were going to do anyway means that your money is not offsetting any emissions at all. In rip-offset jargon, the project fails the additionality test — for a good discussion of this important concept, see this piece.

Should anyone pay CCX for making the sun rise in the morning? I suppose that if someone wants to flush their money down the toilet, that is their business. But if CCX is becoming the dominant player in the U.S. carbon market by selling rip-offsets and is working to become part of the foundation of a serious national carbon trading system, then it is everyone’s business.

After all, the story reports Sandor says the United States will adopt rules similar to CCX’s and that “companies that buy credits on the Chicago exchange today stand a good chance of being able to use them to comply with any future federal emissions rules.” Let’s hope that is just a huckster’s hype, since all major climate bills currently being considered rely heavily on rip-offsets — and John McCain would allow unlimited rip-offsets at the start of his climate plan (see “McCain speech, Part 2: Relying on offsets = Rearranging deck chairs on the Titanic“).

The WSJ made clear today that the landfill story above was not an anecdote but a core CCX strategy:

For more than a decade, the landfill here [Cape May, NJ] has made extra profit simply by collecting methane given off by rotting trash, and selling it as fuel. Last year, the landfill learned that doing this also qualified it to earn hundreds of thousands of dollars via a new program that pays companies to cut their greenhouse-gas emissions….

“It seemed a little suspicious that we could get money for doing nothing,” says Charles Norkis, executive director of the Cape May County Municipal Utilities Authority….

Over the past two years, landfills from Pennsylvania to North Dakota have started selling extra credits on the Chicago exchange to profit from methane they were capturing anyway.

Selling credits is “gravy to us,” says Katherine Vesey, comptroller of the utility authority in Atlantic County, N.J., which was profitably capturing methane for two years before it started selling credits on the Chicago exchange.

The only thing more amazing than these utilities getting something for nothing is the justification that Sandor gives for doing this:

Mr. Sandor says the exchange’s main goal is to help develop a commodity that has financial value under any possible future U.S. law that to regulates greenhouse-gas emissions. The debate over whether or not a polluter would have cut its greenhouse-gas emissions without the financial incentive of credit sales is “quite interesting, but that’s not my business,” Mr. Sandor says. “I’m running a for-profit company.”

Un-friggin’-believable. How can you possibly develop a commodity that has financial value by selling a commodity that should have no financial value?

That’s not my business. I’m running a for-profit company.”

That’s the best justification he could come up with — the same defense as the climate-destroying capitalists he seeks to replace? That could easily be humanity’s epitaph. The first thing that popped into my head when I read that line was the final paragraph in Orwell’s Animal Farm:

Twelve voices were shouting in anger, and they were all alike. No question, now, what had happened to the faces of the pigs. The creatures outside looked from pig to man, and from man to pig, and from pig to man again; but already it was impossible to say which was which.

Yes, I am aware that the “Outside credits from landfills represent only about 1% of the total emission cuts reported by the Chicago exchange.” But the Post earlier this year explained at length just how dubious are other offets from the Chicago Climate Exchange are (see House carbon offsets “a waste of taxpayer money”).

If CCX has such a callous disregard for the core principle of additionality, the core principle that you don’t pay people to do what they were already doing, then every single one of the offsets they sell to the public is called into question.

The bottom line again: The vast majority of offsets are, at some level, just rip-offsets. Spend your money elsewhere.

UPDATE: More background on Sandor and the “troubling flaws” in CCX from this long 2006 NYT magazine profile by the ever-prolific Jeff Goodell.

‹ Washington Post editors join the ranks of the climate confused

Green policies in California created 1.5 million jobs ›

9 Responses to CCX sells rip-offsets: “It seemed a little suspicious that we could get money for doing nothing”

  1. Ronald says:

    Isn’t one of the complaints of Cap and Trade that is just a huge mechanism for waste, fraud and abuse. The difference between free-market offsets to Cap and Trade is a government bureaucrat.

  2. Joe says:

    Not even close, Ronald.
    Rip-offsets are unregulated.
    Cap and Trade would be regulated.

  3. Brian D says:

    Joe, sorry for the off-topic, but this may prove interesting.

    Last week, Canada held its national election. The Conservative party won — and they were the only party with no platform on climate change at all (their environmental pamphlet literally did not mention ‘carbon’, ‘emissions’, or ‘climate’, instead opting to mention a laundry list of issues that were more or less dealt with in the early 90s. It’s almost as if they used Captain Planet torrents as their environmental consultant for the 21st century.). This party is notoriously stupid on climate issues — our environment minister didn’t know the difference between cap-and-trade and a carbon tax, for instance.

    Just yesterday, Prime Minister Stephen Harper basically cemented that affirmative action on climate mitigation is out the window. He’s dedicating $100 million to climate adaptation in third-world nations, while continuing to encourage investments in Alberta’s tar sands.

    I have an image in my head of a cannibal boiling an explorer alive, calling for more firewood while at the same time dabbing the explorer’s forehead with a cool hankie.

  4. Larry Coleman says:

    I read the WSJ article this morning, then this post. The question I had while reading both was. How prevalent is this? By “this” I mean paying for “off-sets” that are already being done. Neither piece answered this, but Joe concluded his post with the statement that “The vast majority of offsets are, at some level, just rip-offsets.” Do we really know that? I am willing to believe it if there is supportive data. Numbers really do matter here. Do we have any good idea of the % rip-offset? Without this, the situation is no different from being against welfare because some people take advantage of it.

  5. Joe says:

    Larry — if you read some of the links to earlier blog posts, you’ll see that I go through the most common offsets, which include trees and renewable energy certificates, and conclude that most offsets are rip-offsets.

  6. Jim Eager says:

    You’re quite right about the Harper Conservatives, Brian D. At a candidates’ meeting specifically on the subject of putting a price on carbon the local Con candidate did not mention the words “carbon,” carbon dioxide,” “carbon tax,” “cap and trade,” “global warming,” or “climate change” once during the two-hour meeting. Not once.

  7. Justin Felt says:

    I’d like to answer Larry Coleman’s question: Do we know if at some level all offsets are rip-offsets?

    Regarding offsets, we must understand that putting all offsets into one category is not the way to evaluate it. There are offsets of high quality, and offsets of low quality. Which one predominates? Depends on which market you look at.

    If one were to look at the Clean Development Mechanism market, I would argue that most are high quality and additional (ie above and beyond business usual), and the UN Executive Board has recently elevated their requirements for certification even more. On the voluntary side, I would put offsets from Gold Standard, VCS, and California Climate Action Registry as well in that group.

    Outside of these standards, one can find that it is hard to ascertain the quality of the offsets, and surely a lot, if not most, of these would qualify as “rip-offsets.” Just as the meat industry, as an unregulated entity, was rife with abuse during the writing of Upton Sinclair’s “The Jungle,” the carbon offset market should not be abandoned, but infused with greater levels of transparency, rules, and tighter monitoring.


  8. Dan says:

    It’s amazing when the people selling offsets happily announce that their projects aren’t additional.

    Back in June I heard a couple of howlers on the BBC World Service in a programme about the CDM, and transcribed them at In Balance:


    (btw well done World Service for running a programme on the CDM!)

  9. drct says:

    janitors secretaries and administrators are also expected to receive the written warnings.