National Security Brief: June 8, 2011

According to findings of a two-year congressional investigation to be released today, America’s “hugely expensive” nation-building enterprise in Afghanistan “has had only limited success and may not survive an American withdrawal.”

Britain and France will submit a resolution to the UN Security Council on Wednesday “condemning the repression and demanding accountability and humanitarian access” in Syria, according to British Prime Minister David Cameron.

The U.S. and its allies will also push to bring Syria before the UN Security Council for its failure to cooperate with the International Atomic Energy Agency.

Chinese Defense Minister Gen. Liang Guanglie said on Sunday in Singapore that there is a 20-year gap between China and the U.S. military in equipment, weapons and systems. “I would call the gap big,” he said.

While the House passed a resolution questioning U.S. involvement in Libya, “the Senate is still in flux over whether it will endorse President Barack Obama’s decision to involve the United States in the North African conflict.”

Reports are emerging that Yemeni president Ali Abdullah Saleh’s injuries are more severe than previously thought. Youth activists see Saleh’s absence as a greater opportunity to push through democratic reforms.

Iranian state media reports that nuclear fuel production will sharply increase this year. The report also indicated that some uranium enrichment would be shifted to a facility that had been secret until 2009.

Over 1,500 people have died this year in violence across southern Sudan which will have independence in July. Violence has increased since southerners voted to separate from the north in a January election.