By Matthew Yglesias
As a coda to yesterday’s post on Chinese homogeneity it’s worth noting the counterargument that China has a great deal of internal diversity. The total non-Han population is a pretty small share of the whole, but it constitutes a kaleidoscope of different ethnic groups. And among the Han Chinese there are a number of different spoken languages that have their own regional sub-variations, different cuisines, etc. Vienna in the late-Habsburg era would have been a city almost entirely populated of people born inside the Habsburg lands, and yet also a reasonably diverse place with all kinds of internal migrants who spoke different native tongues.