The U.S. Wastes 7 Billion Gallons of Drinking Water a Day: Can Innovation Help Solve the Problem?

UpStart [uhp-stahrt]n. 1. A company or organization with innovative approaches to energy use, carbon pollution, resource consumption, and/or social equity, 2. A company or organization overcoming market barriers to build the new clean energy economy.

by Adam James

In 2009, America earned a D- in drinking water, according to the ASCE Infrastructure Report Card. Why? Every day leaking pipes lose an estimated seven billion gallons of clean drinking water (over 11,000 swimming pools). That, combined with the $11 billion annual shortfall to replace aging water facilities, makes the U.S. a very water-inefficient country.

By 2020, California estimates it will incur “water shortages equal to the needs of 4–12 million families of four.” Sadly, with a growing population, increased migration to urban areas, and global warming, these shortages promise to become far more common. A study released by the NRDC found that more than 1,100 U.S. counties face water shortages as a result of climate change. Of those, 400 are in the “extreme risk” category, representing a 14x increase over previous estimates. The agricultural value of the crops in those 400 counties represents over $105 billion in GDP.


Compounding the problem is that the emissions from the 7,000,000 gallons for water lost from leakage are estimated to contribute 13.5 million kg of CO2e to the atmosphere daily — accelerating climate change and further exacerbating the vicious cycle.

The UpStart Solution:This is a major problem for municipalities around the country. But it’s also a major opportunity for companies that can mop up all that waste.

One company, Echologics Engineering, specializes in the deployment of acoustic-based leak detection equipment, including correlators and listening devices, which locate leaks without breaking ground. Over a ten year period, Echologics says it can reduce the carbon footprint of water leakage worldwide by as much as 2.04 megatons CO2eq (assuming certain flow rates and number of leaks).

The company has recently completed projects in multiple municipalities in North America, Europe, South Africa, Singapore, and Australia. It just deployed its technology in New Orleans, where the Echologics uncovered leaks that were causing losses of up to 100,000 gallons of water per day. Echologics did the same for United Water in New Jersey, where its technology detected leaks of 10,000 gallons a day at a pipeline — all without having to break ground or impact service.

Scaling up this technology to meet a 0.25 megaton CO2e reduction annually would require investments of about $2,000,000 per year; a bargain when you consider that federal expenditures on drinking water will have to be between $10–20 billion the next 20 years just to stay afloat, according to a Congressional Budget Office report.


Echologics Engineering is one of the many revolutionary UpStarts who are finding that greening the “white space” in markets is not only socially responsible, it’s smart business. With continued investment and innovation, the private sector will continue to unlock the tremendous potential inherent in reducing our carbon emissions, making our society more efficient and growing our economy.

Special thanks to the Carbon War Room for providing the data and background information for this story. — Adam James is a special assistant for energy policy at the Center for American Progress.

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