Throughout human history, the climate system has been a source of life and death, the sun and rain capable of feeding our crops and bringing us comfort, or unleashing terrible devastation in wind, fire, drought, storm, and flood. Each tragedy that occurs — such as the terrible outbreak of tornadoes and flooding storms this week in the South — reminds us of that awesome power, which is beyond our control and at the limits of our comprehension. We have also learned that humanity is meddling with that power, primarily through the burning of coal and oil that increases the amount of heat trapped in the atmosphere and oceans. Scientists have been warning our leaders for decades that this interference with the climate system is dangerous, and have worked tirelessly to explain how these threats are now coming to pass.
However, the Republican Party is now dominated by ideologues who deny the threat of polluting our climate, even when faced with direct evidence of what the climate system can do to the people they are sworn to protect.
In an email interview with ThinkProgress, Dr. Kevin Trenberth, one of the world’s top climate scientists, who has been exploring for years how greenhouse pollution influences extreme weather, said he believes that it is “irresponsible not to mention climate change” in the context of these extreme tornadoes. Trenberth, head of the Climate Analysis Section of the National Center for Atmospheric Research, added that the scientific understanding of how polluting our atmosphere with billions of tons of greenhouse gases affects tornadic activity is still ongoing:
It is irresponsible not to mention climate change. … The environment in which all of these storms and the tornadoes are occurring has changed from human influences (global warming). Tornadoes come from thunderstorms in a wind shear environment. This occurs east of the Rockies more than anywhere else in the world. The wind shear is from southerly (SE, S or SW) flow from the Gulf overlaid by westerlies aloft that have come over the Rockies. That wind shear can be converted to rotation. The basic driver of thunderstorms is the instability in the atmosphere: warm moist air at low levels with drier air aloft. With global warming the low level air is warm and moister and there is more energy available to fuel all of these storms and increase the buoyancy of the air so that thunderstorms are strong. There is no clear research on changes in shear related to global warming. On average the low level air is 1 deg F and 4 percent moister than in the 1970s.
Climate scientist Michael Mann, director of the Earth System Science Center at Pennsylvania State University, explains further that “climate change is present in every single meteorological event”:
The fact remains that there is 4 percent more water vapor — and associated additional moist energy — available both to power individual storms and to produce intense rainfall from them. Climate change is present in every single meteorological event, in that these events are occurring within a baseline atmospheric environment that has shifted in favor of more intense weather events.
Climate scientist Gavin Schmidt, climate modeller at the NASA Goddard Institute for Space Studies, concurred:
It is a truism to say that everything has been affected by climate change so far and therefore this latest outbreak must in some sense have been affected, but attribution is hard and the further down the chain the causality is supposed to go, the harder this is. For heat waves it is easier, for statistics on precipitation intensity it easier — there are multiple levels of good modelling, theory and observations to back it up. But we have much less to go on with tornadoes.
Those who deny the threat of polluting our climate system are not to blame for its fury — but none of us can shirk our responsibility to end our interference with the weather.
Trenberth, Mann and Schmidt are absolutely correct and the deniers are just fuming at the mouth because they want to shut such subjects down.
Climate change is altering all properties of the atmosphere, humidity, temperature, etc. These of course include the elements that lead to all weather, including tornadoes.
So the scientists are right, tornadoes will be affected by climate change. How exactly and by how much no-one knows.
Unless the skeptics hypocritically want to claim the science is settled and certain that they know how tornadoes will be affected by climate change, they are just going to have to accept the fact that this threat should be conveyed to the public.
The title is right. It would be *irresponsible* not to point out to the public that climate change entails changes to weather, such as tornadoes and the possibility that these changes could make such events worse. Maybe changes to the patterns of their frequency, power or their pattern of occurrence for example.
Deniers of course don’t want the public to know about the potential impacts of climate change. While they are keen to stress that “climate has always changed”, they seem a little more adverse to the idea that tornado behavior might change along with it. They’d prefer the public wallow in ignorance thinking that climate change isn’t at risk of affecting weather.
The chosen tactic of the deniers is to deploy strawmen — pretending that the climate scientists are blaming recent tornadoes on climate change, rather than concede what climate scientists (and this article) is actually doing which is pointing out that climate change will affect weather events such as tornadoes. That is the danger — meddling with the system.