A week ago, Republican presidential nominee Donald Trump released the names of the people advising him on economics. While there were plenty of people named Steve, there were no women and just one person of color. It was also a list heavily dominated by finance and business ties, as well as Republican donors, with few traditional economists.
On Friday, Trump followed that list up with the addition of nine names, eight of them women, none of them people of color: Diane Hendricks, Darlene Jordan, Betsy McCaughey, Brooke Rollins, Anthony Scaramucci, Carla Sands, Judy Shelton, Liz Uihlein, and Kathleen Hartnett White.
While the list includes some self-made women, such as owner of building products distributor ABC Supply Co. Hendricks, others have careers built on the work of their spouses. The same can’t be said of the original list of 13 men advising Trump, 11 of whom founded or ran as president or CEO their own companies. (Trump has previously said he thinks “putting a wife to work is a very dangerous thing.”)
The two lists do have this in common, however: a heavy reliance on businesspeople and Republican donors with few economists or academics.
Diane Hendricks: Forbes calls Hendricks “America’s richest self-made woman.” She was a big backer of Wisconsin Gov. Scott Walker (R) when he was running in the primary, becoming his largest donor and giving $5 million to the super PAC that supported him. She’s also a big donor to other conservatives, including the Koch-backed Freedom Partners Action Fund super PAC. She came under fire in 2012 for paying zero state income tax in a previous year despite being the richest woman in Wisconsin.
Darlene Jordan: Jordan runs a nonprofit that bears her husband’s name, the Gerald R. Jordan Foundation. She has some experience of her own in government: she served as Assistant Attorney General in Massachusetts in the 90s and was appointed to Florida’s board of governors of the state university system in April. She is also a big Republican donor, serving as finance co-chair for Mitt Romney and state finance chair for Florida Gov. Rick Scott (R) reelection campaign in 2014.
Betsy McCaughey: McCaughey has become infamous for stirring up conspiracy theories about the Affordable Care Act, including the false idea that it created so-called “death panels” that tell people how and when to die. She was also former New York Gov. George Pataki’s lieutenant governor for his first term until he dropped her from his ticket before running for reelection in 1998.
Brooke Rollins: Rollins is the one of the few people on the list with a background in policy, coming from the Texas Public Policy Foundation, what the Trump campaign calls “one of the nation’s premier free market think tanks.” Her think tank is funded heavily by big conservative corporate interests, including the Koch brothers, ExxonMobil, ConocoPhillips, Chevron, and RJ Reynolds Tobacco, despite claiming not to take donations that influence its research. It’s advocated for limiting government spending, getting rid of health care reform, and against renewable energy. It also employed Sen. Ted Cruz (R-TX) before he ran for office.
Anthony Scaramucci: Scaramucci is drawn from Wall Street — a hedge fund manager who founded SkyBridge Capital and previously founded a different investment firm. Scaramucci wasn’t always a fan of Trump: last year he called him a “hack” whose positions on hedge fund managers were “anti-American” and predicted the campaign would end by last November. He’s also a big Republican donor and had already been serving on Trump’s finance committee.
Carla Sands: Sands is another Wall Street pick, serving as chairman of Vintage Capital Group, LLC, the firm founded by her late husband Fred Sands.
Judy Shelton: Shelton, senior fellow at the organization Atlas Network that funds anti-regulation organizations around the world, is the only economist among the group. As with Rollins’ think tank, Atlas is funded by the Koch brothers and ExxonMobil and received money from Philip Morris in the past. She’s also written a book on “sound money,” which advocates limiting the ability of the dollar’s value to rise and fall such as going back to the gold standard or restricting the Federal Reserve.
Liz Uihlein: Uihlein is president of Uline, Inc., a shipping supply company founded with her husband Richard Uihlein where he acts as CEO. The couple are big Republican donors. Uihlein has also written letters to company employees about her political views — including her stances against energy regulation and government spending — and urged them to get involved.
Kathleen Hartnett White: White is also drawn from Rollins’s Texas Public Policy Foundation, where she’s a senior fellow focused on the energy sector. She’s put forward the argument that carbon dioxide is a positive nutrient that shouldn’t be limited, despite established science that it causes catastrophic climate impacts as well as impairments of human brains.